Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Semester 2
Other Staff

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 22 lectures


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment Essays written during the Semester  80%
Semester Assessment Continuous Assessment: test  20%
Supplementary Exam 2 Hours   Supplementary exam  100%

Learning Outcomes

After taking this module students should be able to:

  • describe the complete route from the production of semiconductor substates and thin film structures to the production of packaged electronic devices
  • critically analyze the technical issues involved (size, cost, power consumption etc.) in the production of an integrated device.
  • critically analyze characterization methods for semiconductor materials and devices.
  • design a simple digital circuit and layout the design using CAD tools.

Brief description

In combination with Semiconductor Physics, the Semiconductor Applications module will not only provide students with an understanding of the physics underlying semiconductor devices and applications but also introduce them to the processing of semiconductors to produce devices.
1) wafer production - single crystal
2) wafer processing - lithography
3) characterisation
4) device preparation
5) the VLSI design process


Introduction to science of semiconductors and microelectronic technology.

Physics and chemistry of bulk semiconductor growth. Epitaxial growth of thin films.

Wafer processing:
oxidation, insulating films; lithography (optical, x-ray, electron-beam, ion-beam); etching (wet chemical, plasma, reactive ion); dopant diffusion, ion implantation; metallisation.

Physics of electron, ion and photon interaction with matter.

Bulk and thin film characterisation techniques:
electrical (conductivity, mobility), optical (reflectance, luminescence), compositional (spectroscopy, microscopy), structural (diffraction, scanned probe).

Statistical process control, quality control analysis:
Device electrical testing, VLSI testing.

Circuits: digital circuits, linear circuits, U and VLSI, gate arrays, ASICS.
Circuit design, VLSI design.
Device/circuit computer simulation.

Reading List

DV Morgan and K Board An Introduction to Semiconductor Microtechnology J Wiley Primo search I Brodie and JJ Murray Physics of Microfabrication Plenum Primo search M Jaros Physics and Applications of Semiconductor Microstructures Oxford Primo search N Weste and K Eshraghian Principles of CMOS design Primo search


This module is at CQFW Level 6