Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Intended for use in future years
Mutually Exclusive

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 15 Hours. (1 x 1 hour per week)
Seminars / Tutorials 11 Hours. (1 x 1 hour seminar followed by 5 x 2 hour seminar fortnightly)


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 1 x3,000 word essay  50%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   (1 x 2 hour exam)  50%
Supplementary Exam Resit opportunities for this module will be available in the Supplementary examination period. F resit: The student will re-sit the module by examination only for a 'capped' pass mark (40). H resit: The student will submit missing coursework elements and/or re-sit by examination in the upplementary exam period in lieu of a missed/failed exam for full marks. Students re-sitting elements of failed coursework are required to select a different essay/assignment title and must not submit re-written versions of the original essay/assignment.  

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

On completion of this module, students should be able to:

1. analyse the role of intelligence in key aspects of national security policy-making since 1900
2. evaluate the implications of the end of the Cold War for intelligence and intelligence services
3. evaluate the role of intelligence in the military history of two world wars
4. evaluate the efficacy and morality of 'covert operations' in international politics
5. possess insight into the nature of treachery
6. assess the role of espionage in the Cold War
7. demonstrate understanding of the relationship between intelligence and counter-intelligence
8. evaluate the implications of the end of the Cold War for intelligence and intelligence services

Brief description

This module will give students an understanding of the history of the development of intelligence as a factor in international relations and state security.


The aim of this module is to give students an understanding of the central ideas and issues in the study of intelligence. This aim is achieved by studying the historical development of intelligence as a factor in international relations and state security.



- Introduction to Intelligence: Concepts and Issues
- Intelligence and the First World War
- Intelligence, Security and Totalitarianism
- Signals Intelligence before and during the Second World War
- Intelligence, Deception and the Second World War
- Organisation of Intelligence: Lessons and Legacies of the Second World War
- Covert Action (American)
- Covert Action (Soviet, British, Israeli)
- Espionage in the Cold War
- Technical Intelligence in the Cold War
- Counter-Espionage: Treachery and Molehunts
- Intelligence Failure: Arab-Israeli War 1973 & the Falkland/Islands/Malvinas 1982
- Intelligence Failure: 9/11 and Iraqi WMD
- Accountability and Ethics
- Overview and Conclusion

Transferable skills

The module gives students the opportunity of developing, practising and testing a wide range of subject-specific skills which help them to understand, evaluate and discuss ideas and issues arising in the module. These skills include:
  • reading and understand much varied information, using a variety of sources
  • evaluating competing perspectives on the history of intelligence
  • demonstrating subject-specific research techniques
  • applying a variety of methodologies to complex problems

Reading List

Abram Shulsky (2002) Silent Warfare - Understanding the World of Intelligence Brasseys US Primo search Christopher Andrew (1985) Secret Service Scepter Primo search Christopher Andrew (2000) The Mitrohkin Archive Penguin Primo search Michael Herman (2001) Intelligence Services in the Information Age : Theory and Practice Frank Cass Primo search


This module is at CQFW Level 6