Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Intended for use in future years

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 18 Hours. 18 x 1 Hour Lectures
Seminars / Tutorials 5 Hours. 5 x 1 Hour Seminars


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 1 x 2500 word essay  40%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   60%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

Brief description

This module explores contemporary debates on the rise of political Islam in international politics and aims to enhance students' ability to understand the influence and legitimacy of three monotheist religions - Christianity, Judaism and Islam - in regional affairs from a comparative, historical perspective.


The module begins by assessing why the role of religion in world politics is ignored by International Relations (IR) theories. The second part of the module identifies key issues of the European historical experience and their reflections in the region such as the rise of the modern state system, nationalism, secularization, democratization and gender equality. The third part of the module, in turn, explores the impact of these key issues on the development of the modern Middle East. Different trajectories of the relationship between religion and politics will be drawn and discussed in the specific contexts of Israel, Iran, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia. The fourth part of the module focuses on the contemporary debates on the existence of an Islamic threat and the 'clash of civilizations'. The module concludes by examining the causes of Islamic terrorism since 9/11 and the current crises in the Middle East.


This module aims to examine the relationship between religion and politics in the Middle East and to analyze the compatibility of Islam with European experience of modernity.

Reading List

General Text
Burgat, Fran cois. (2003.) Face to face with political Islam /Fran cois Burgat. Primo search Halliday, Fred (1988.) State and ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan /edited by Fred Halliday and Hamza Alavi. Primo search Halliday, Fred. (2000.) Nation and religion in the Middle East /Fred Halliday. Juergensmeyer, Mark. (2003.) Terror in the mind of God :the global rise of religious violence /Mark Juergensmeyer. Primo search Lawrence, Bruce B. (1990, c1989.) Defenders of God :the fundamentalist revolt against the modern age /Bruce B. Lawrence. Primo search Lewis, Bernard (1993.) Islam and the West /Bernard Lewis. Primo search Milton-Edwards, Beverley. (2004.) Islamic fundamentalism since 1945 /Beverley Milton-Edwards. Primo search (1992.) Religion and modernization :sociologists and historians debate the secularization thesis /edited by Steve Bruce. Primo search (1995.) The Islamist dilemma :the political role of Islamist movements in the contemporary Arab world /edited by Laura Guazzone. Primo search (2004.) Understanding the contemporary Middle East /Deborah J. Gerner and Jillian Schwedler, editors. Primo search
Should Be Purchased
Halliday, Fred (2003.) Islam and the myth of confrontation :religion and politics in the Middle East /Fred Halliday. Primo search Halliday, Fred (c2005.) The Middle East in international relations :power, politics and ideology /Fred Halliday. Milton-Edwards, Beverley. (2000.) Contemporary politics in the Middle East /Beverley Milton-Edwards. Primo search
Essential Reading
(2001.) Issues in world politics /edited by Brian White, Richard Little and Michael Smith. Primo search
Recommended Text
Gray, John (2003.) Al Qaeda and what it means to be modern /John Gray. Primo search Halliday, Fred (2002 (various p) Two hours that shook the world :September 11, 2001 : causes and consequences /Fred Halliday. Chp9: Saudi Arabia Primo search Kedourie, Elie. (1992.) Politics in the Middle East /Elie Kedourie. Chapter 4 on Turkey Primo search Laqueur, Walter (c1989.) A history of Zionism /Walter Laqueur ; with a new preface by the author. Chapter 8 Primo search Owen, Roger (2004.) State, power and politics in the making of the modern Middle East /Roger Owen. Chp5: Section on Turkey Sayyid, Bobby S. (1997.) A fundamental fear :Eurocentrism and the emergence of Islamism /Bobby S. Sayyid. Primo search Tibi, Bassam (c1998.) The challenge of fundamentalism : political Islam and the new world disorder /Bassam Tibi. Primo search (1993.) The modern Middle East :a reader /edited by Albert Hourani, Philip S. Khoury and Mary C. Wilson. Chapter by D. McDowall Primo search (2003.) The secular and the sacred :nation, religion, and politics /editor William safran. Chp by J.S. Sylioicz on Turkey Primo search
Supplementary Text
Abdo, Geneive. (2000.) No God but God :Egypt and the triumph of Islam /Geneive Abdo. Primo search Abir, Mordechai. (1993.) Saudi Arabia :government, society and the Gulf crisis /Mordechai Abir. Primo search Ahmad, Feroz. (1993.) The making of modern Turkey /Feroz Ahmad. Primo search Ahmed, Akbar S. (1992.) Postmodernism and Islam :predicament and promise /Akbar S. Ahmed. Chp 2 Primo search Avineri, Shlomo. (c1981.) The making of modern Zionism :intellectual origins of the Jewish state /Shlomo Avineri. Primo search Binder, Leonard. (1988.) Islamic liberalism :a critique of development ideologies /Leonard Binder. Chp6: Islam and Capitalism Primo search Brumberg, Daniel. (2001.) Reinventing Khomeini :the struggle for reform in Iran /Daniel Brumberg. Primo search Ehteshami, Anoushiravan. (1995.) After Khomeini :the Iranian Second Republic /Anoushiravan Ehteshami. Primo search Fandy, Mamoun. (1998.) Saudi Arabia and the politics of dissent. Primo search Guazzone, Laura (June 1997) The Middle East in Global Change:The Politics and Economics of Interdependence Versus Fragmentation Primo search Gunaratna, Rohan (2002.) Inside Al Qaeda :global network of terror /[by] Rohan Gunaratna. Primo search Hafez, Mohammed M. (2003.) Why Muslims rebel :repression and resistance in the Islamic world /by Mohammed M. Hafez. Primo search Halliday, Fred (1979.) Iran :dictatorship and development /Fred Halliday. Primo search Halliday, Fred (1988.) State and ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan /edited by Fred Halliday and Hamza Alavi. Primo search Jung, Dietrich (2001.) Turkey at the crossroads :Ottoman legacies and a greater Middle East /Dietrich Jung with Wolfango Piccoli. Primo search Keddie, Nikki R. (2003.) Modern Iran :roots and results of revolution /Nikki R. Keddie ; with a section by Yann Richard. Primo search Kepel, Gilles. (1985.) The prophet and pharaoh :Muslim extremism in Egypt /Gilles Kepel; translated by Jon Rothschild. Primo search Kepel, Gilles. (2004.) The war for muslim minds :Islam and the West /Gilles Kepel ; translated by Pascale Ghazaleh. Primo search Keyder, Caglar. (1987.) State and class in Turkey : a study in capitalist development / Ca glar Keyder. Study in Capitalist Development. Primo search Kimmerling, Baruch. (c2001.) The invention and decline of Israeliness :state, society, and the military /Baruch Kimmerling. Primo search Langmuir, Gavin I. (1990.) History, religion, an antisemitism /Gavin I. Langmuir. Primo search Lewis, Bernard (2001.) The emergence of modern Turkey /Bernard Lewis. Primo search Lewis, Bernard (2002.) What went wrong? :the clash between Islam and modernity in the Middle East /Bernard Lewis. Primo search Migdal, Joel S. (June 2001) Through the Lens of Israel:Explorations in State and Society Primo search Mishal, Shaul (2000.) The Palestinian Hamas :vision, violence, and coexistence /Shaul Mishal and Avraham Sela. Primo search Mortimer, Edward. (1982.) Faith and power :the politics of Islam /Edward Mortimer. Chp 5: Turkey Primo search Murden, Simon W. (2002.) Islam, the Middle East, and the new global hegemony /Simon W. Murden. Primo search Richards, Alan (1996.) A political economy of the Middle East /Alan Richards, John Waterbury. Primo search Wilson, Rodney. (1995.) Economic development in the Middle East /Rodney Wilson. Primo search Wilson, Rodney. (1997.) Economics, ethics, and religion : Jewish, Christian, and Muslim economic thought /Rodney Wilson. Primo search Z urcher, Erik Jan. (1997 (2003 prin) Turkey :a modern history /Erik J. Z urcher. Primo search (1991.) Islamic fundamentalisms and the Gulf crisis /edited by James Piscatori. Primo search (c1993.) Jewish fundamentalism in comparative perspective :religion, ideology, and the crisis of modernity /edited by Laurence J. Silberstein. Primo search (2002.) Modernising Islam :religion in the public sphere in Europe and the Middle East /editors, John L. Esposito and Fran cois Burgat. Primo search (c1995.) Paths of emancipation : Jews, states, and citizenship /edited by Pierre Birnbaum and Ira Katznelson. Primo search (c2002.) Political leaders and democracy in Turkey /edited by Metin Heper and Sabri Sayari. Primo search (2000.) Religion and global order /edited by John L. Esposito and Michael Watson. Primo search (2000.) Religion and international relations /edited by K.R. Dark. Primo search (1992.) Religion and politics in comparative perspective :revival of religious fundamentalism in East and West /edited by Bronislaw Misztal and Anson Shupe. Primo search (1998.) Religion, globalization and political culture in the Third World /edited by Jeff Haynes. Chp by N. Ayubi on Egypt, Iran and Saudi Arabia Primo search (1997.) Rethinking nationalism in the Arab Middle East /James Jankowski and Israel Gershoni, editors. Primo search (1993.) Riding the tiger :the Middle East challenge after the Cold War /edited by Phebe Marr and William Lewis. Primo search (1998.) Secularism and its critics /edited by Rajeev Bhargava. Primo search (1982 (1983 prin) State, society and economy in Saudi Arabia /edited by Tim Niblock. Primo search (c1990.) The Iranian revolution :its global impact /edited by John L. Esposito. Primo search (1997.) The Middle East in global change : the politics and economics of interdependence versus fragmentation /edited by Laura Guazzone. Primo search (1995.) The Next threat :Western perceptions of Islam /edited by Jochen Hippler and Andrea Lueg. Primo search (1988.) The politics of religion and social change :religion and the political order /edited by Anson Shupe and Jeffrey K. Hadden. Primo search (2000.) The third world beyond the cold war;continuity and change/edited by Louise Fawcett and Yezid Sayigh Primo search


This module is at CQFW Level 6