|Assessment length / details
|Module Assessment Written Assignment of 5,000 words
On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Display a knowledge and understanding of the methodology of enquiry into the causes of severe human rights violations.
2. Display an understanding of the value of this kind of enquiry for purposes of policy formation and the design of legal responses to the problem of human rights violation.
3. Apply this knowledge in a critical evaluation of the way in which human rights violations are dealt with in the international political and legal orders.
4. Locate and evaluate the relevant literature and materials in this field and to use them in critical discussion of the subject.
5. Present critical and well-informed argument for purposes of evaluating the effectiveness of international legal responses to human rights violations.
The module will in the first place consider the significance and value of a `sociology' of human rights violations by exploring what may be gained from theoretical and empirical enquiry into the causes of the conduct which legally qualifies as serious and sustained violations of the basic rights of others. In doing so the discussion will address the methodology of the subject as a `criminology of atrocities'. Main categories of explanation will then be studied. First, the significance of political structures will be considered, with a focus on changes in international political organization, and mechanisms of elite control. Secondly, economic, social and environmental conditions will be considered: especially, economic under-development and development, and environmental stress. Thirdly, the bio-social context will be studied: the human propensity for violence, aggression and hostility towards the `other'. Finally, there will be discussion of the practical problems of data collection, for purposes of both academic and policy argument, and for the legal process.
2. The impact of political structures, with particular reference to changes in international political organization, and mechanisms of elite control.
3. Economic, social and environmental conditions, with particular reference to economic under-development and development, and pressures on the environment.
4. The bio-social context: the human propensity for violence, aggression and hostility towards and suspicion of the `other'.
5. Problems of evidence and data collection: the collection of material and information regarding the factual background to violations, for purposes of both academic and policy argument and legal process.
This module is at CQFW Level 7