|Delivery length / details
|30 x 1 Hour Lectures
|3 x 2 Hour Seminars
|Assessment length / details
|2 Hours Open Book Exam
|2500 word essay
|2 Hours Resit missed or failed Open Book Exam
|Resubmit failed or missing 2500 word essay
On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Have an insight into, and understanding of, the salient features of the international legal system, in particular its distinctive law-making process and methods of securing compliance.
2. Explore the interaction of law and other forces at the international level and to develop an appreciation of the limits of law as a means of resolving international problems.
3. The coursework and examination are designed to encourage and enable the students to demonstrate their command of the principles and techniques of International Law.
International Law has traditionally been concerned with the legal relations between sovereign States and although such States remain the most significant actors on the international stage, the subject expanded considerably during the twentieth century to encompass the activities of international organisations - especially the United Nations and regional organisations such as the European Community - and also to some extent the position of individuals and non-governmental organisations. In a situation of fast-changing international relations it is also a highly topical field of law with a rapidly evolving content.
A study of international law, in addition, provides insight into the relation between different types of legal order, especially the interaction of international and municipal law. Much international law of both a global and a regional character is not translated into national legislation and some areas of national law are more easily understood when it is appreciated that they represent an implementation of international obligations.
The first part of this module comprises an introduction to the nature and working methods of the international legal system. The sources, subjects and methodology of international law differ from those found in most national (municipal) systems, and a study of the operation of the international legal system supplies illuminating comparisons for students of law generally. Stress is laid upon the way in which international law may work effectively in the absence of a compulsory judicial system and types of sanction commonly found in municipal systems. The study of international law alongside a system such as English Law is therefore also an exercise in jurisprudence.
The second part of the module builds upon this foundation by examining in greater depth selected areas of substantive law. The approach at this stage of the course is thematic, relating legal rules to contemporary issues of international concern, such as the use of force, the preservation of the environment, the world economic order, and the legal control of terrorism and other criminal activities that cross national boundaries.
The module is offered as an elective for both students of law and students in other degree schemes.
1. The nature of international law
2. The United Nations system
- Personality under international law
- The concept of personality in different legal systems
- States as legal persons: the concept of statehood
- The role of recognition in the creation of statehood
- The personality of international organisations
- The personality of individuals at the international level
- Treaties: types of treaties and the treaty-making process
- Custom: the requirements of custom and its nature as a source of law
- General principles of law
- Subsidiary sources: precedent and legal writing
- Resolutions of the UN General Assembly
- Problems in the development of international law
- The concept of state sovereignty: the distinction between sovereignty and other legal regimes in international law
- The principles of non-intervention and the sovereign equality states
- Methods of acquiring sovereignty over territory
- The relevance of the principle of self-determination
- Different methods of dispute resolution employed at the international level
- The role of force in dispute settlement
- The use of United Nations procedures
- Dispute settlement in the context of the European Communities
- The bases of jurisdiction
- Sovereign immunity
- Diplomatic immunity 7. The basic principles of state responsibility
- The use of force
- Force in self-defence
- International criminal law
10, Basic problems arising from state sovereignty and questions of legal personality
- The major systems of protection, global and regional, established since 1945
- Problems of standard-setting and enforcement
- Detailed consideration of the system set up under the European Convention on Human Rights and comparison with other regional systems
- 'Monist' and 'Dualist' approaches to this question
- The extent to which international law is part of the United Kingdom legal system
30 x 1 hour lectures
6 x 1 hour seminars
|Application of Number
|Seminar discussions will develop individual and group presentation and oral argument.
|Improving own Learning and Performance
|Seminar participation and exam preparation will develop different aspects of personal academic development, from understanding and referencing sources through to the dissemination of ideas to others orally, and via written communication skills.
|Library and research skills are fundamental to preparation for seminars, the essay and exam.
|Personal Development and Career planning
|Recommended topic for any considering working for regional and international organisations
|Preparation for seminars and exams will involve problem scenarios for students to tackle.
|These skills will be developed through preparation for seminars, essay and the exam.
|Subject Specific Skills
|Reading and understanding relevant materials in the field of Human Rights Law
|Group activities and discussion in seminars
This module is at CQFW Level 5