Module Information

Module Identifier
Module Title
Antennas and Wave Propagation
Academic Year
Semester 2

Course Delivery



Due to Covid-19 students should refer to the module Blackboard pages for assessment details

Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment Project Report  3 x 10%  30%
Semester Assessment Weekly workshop reports  2 x 10%  20%
Semester Exam 2 Hours   Exam  50%
Supplementary Assessment Weekly workshop reports  2 x 10%  20%
Supplementary Assessment Project Report  3 x 10%  30%
Supplementary Exam 2 Hours   Exam  50%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

Apply with justification the fundamental principles of electromagnetism to radio-wave propagation and sensing.

Solve complex problems in radio-wave propagation, sensing, and characterisation techniques.

Critically evaluate principles of operation of the modern high-performance antenna front ends for efficient communication.

Show mastery in application of computer-aided package for design, modelling, and characterisation of antennas.

Present and discuss results on antennas and propagation in formal technical report(s).

Brief description

The module focuses on developing a theoretical understanding of antennas, radio-frequency wave propagation and the use of electromagnetic (EM) principles in developing radio devices. Advanced design methodologies of antennas and transmission lines are considered as well as their applications in state-of-the-art wireless communication systems, sensing networks and novel applications such as body-centric antennas, smart materials etc. Application of theory is supported through a series of practical/theoretical individual and group exercises in workshops.


The module will cover topics in antenna theory and EM wave propagation in lectures and practical workshop sessions:
Wave Propagation
• Introduction to generation, transmission, and radiation of electromagnetic waves in antennas.
• Basic concept of indoor propagation, benefits, limitations and challenges (pico-femtocells)
• Propagation models, free space propagation, path loss, shadowing, fast fading, reflections.
• Diffraction and Huygen’s Principle
• Fresnel Zones. Tropospheric Refraction

• Introduction to antennas, and their role in modern communication systems.
• Fundamentals of impedance matching, network theory, S-parameters, transmission line media (waveguide, coax, microstrip, stripline, coplanar waveguide, etc.) and passive components.
• Base station and mobile antennas (how to meet the ever-increasing demands and cost).
• Antennas for smart applications, (versatile, compact, conformal, multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antennas, phased arrays etc.)

Module Skills

Skills Type Skills details
Adaptability and resilience are required to lead the problem solving in the right direction.
Critical and analytical thinking is required for the design exercises using software.
This will be helpful in group discussions during workshops.
Problem solving is a key skill in engineering.
The module develops technical skills related to antenna design.
Written communication is developed in formal technical reports.
The students will need to reflect on their practices when carrying out workshop exercises.
The module develops skills that may be applied in industry.
Digital capability is essential in the use of software skills for computational analysis.


This module is at CQFW Level 7