Dr Ana Winters
I am a plant biochemist with a special interest in protein and phenol chemistry. My more recent work has focussed on the enzyme polyphenol oxidase in forage crops looking at gene expression, enzyme biochemistry and phenol substrate chemistry. I am currently studying the effects of post-harvest changes on proscessing of crops for biofuel.
A Cell wall Reference Profile for Miscanthus Bioenergy-crops Highlights Compositional and Structural Variations Associated with Development and Organ Origin. New Phytologist 213 (4) pp. 1710-1725. 10.1111/nph.14306 Cadair2017.
An efficient assay for ferulic acid esterase and para-coumaric acid esterases in plants at physiologically relevant activities. Cell Chemistry and Biology 6 (5) pp. 300-311. Cadair2016 (In press).
The functional quality of decomposing litter outputs from an Arctic plant community is affected by long-term exposure to enhanced UV-B. Ecological Indicators. Ecological Indicators 60 pp. 8-17. 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.05.052 Cadair2016.
The development of tea blister caused by Exobasidium vexans in tea (Camellia sinensis) correlates with the reduced accumulation of some antimicrobial metabolites and the defence signals salicylic and jasmonic acids. Plant Pathology 64 (6) pp. 1471-1483. 10.1111/ppa.12364 Cadair2015.
Effects of Plant Species, Stage of Maturity, and Level of Formic Acid Addition on Lipolysis, Lipid Content, and Fatty Acid Composition during Ensiling. Journal of Animal Science 93 pp. 4408-4423. 10.2527/jas.2014-8813 Cadair2015.
Polyphenol oxidase and red clover. Legume Perspectives Cadair2015 (In press).
Impact of UV-A radiation on the performance of aphids and whiteflies and on the leaf chemistry of their host plants. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 138 pp. 307-316. 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.06.009 Cadair2014.
Screening for potential co-products in a Miscanthus sinensis mapping family by liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry detection. Phytochemistry 105 pp. 186-196. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2014.05.003 Cadair2014.
GB Application - Bioethanol from grass. Cadair2014.
Soluble Phenolic Compounds in Fresh and Ensiled Orchard Grass (Dactylis glomerata L.), a Common Species in Permanent Pastures with Potential as a Biomass Feedstock. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62 (2) pp. 468-475. 10.1021/jf4040749 Cadair2014.
A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based on salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism. Plant, Cell and Environment 10.1111/pce.12501 Cadair2014.
Cell-wall compositional analysis of the energy crop Miscanthus as a means to optimise its application as a feedstock for bioenergy and biorefining. XIII Cell Wall Meeting. Cadair2013.
Latitudinal variation In ambient UV-B radiation is an important determinant of Lolium perenne forage production, quality, and digestibility. Journal of Experimental Botany 64 (8) pp. 2193-2204. 10.1093/jxb/ert077 Cadair2013.
Gene expression patterns, localisation and substrates of polyphenol oxidase in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 61 (31) pp. 7421-7430. 10.1021/jf401122d Cadair2013.
Characterization of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in a range of forage ecotypes with different phenol substrates. A new insight for PPO and protein bound phenol evaluation. Grass and Forage Science 69 (4) pp. 678-692. 10.1111/gfs.12082 Cadair2013.
Co-expression of lupanine hydroxylase and pyrroloquinoline quinone 2 leads to assembled and active recombinant lupanine hydroxylase in the 3 Escherichia coli periplasm. Archives of Microbiology 10.13140/RG.2.1.4937.7449 Cadair2013.
Acclimation and interaction between drought and elevated UV-B in A. thaliana: Differences in response over treatment, recovery and reproduction. Ecology and Evolution 2 (11) pp. 2695-2709. 10.1002/ece3.387 Cadair2012.
Can polyphenol oxidase mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? Society for Experimental Biology (SEB) Annual Meeting. Cadair2012.
Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus x giganteus using LC-ESI-MS(n). Phytochemistry 72 (18) pp. 2376-2384. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015 Cadair2011.
Isolation, identification and quantitation of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates, potential platform chemicals, in the leaves and stems of Miscanthus × giganteus using LC–ESI-MSn. Phytochemistry 72 (18) pp. 2376-2384. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2011.08.015, Cadair2011.
Can PPO mitigate photooxidative damage under abiotic stress conditions? 2011 Society for Experimental Biology Annual Main Meeting. Cadair2011.
Genetic transformation of Miscanthus sinensis with FAE. Plant Transformation Technologies II Conference. Cadair2011.
Characterization of polyphenol oxidase activity in different forage ecotypes with different phenolic substrates. 8th International Symposium for the Nutrition of Herbivores. 10.1017/S2040470011002780 Cadair2011.
Accumulation of soluble phenolic compounds in the forage grass species, cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L). XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair2010.
Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus sacchariflorus and sinensis and their potential as platform chemicals. Gordon Research Conference, 'Green Chemistry', Davidson College, Davison, North Carolina. Cadair2010.
Isolation, identification and quantification of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates in leaf and stem tissue of Miscanthus x giganteus and their potential as platform chemicals. XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair2010.
Effect of UV exposure on the abundance of plant phenol compounds in Latuca sativa L. cv. Lolla Rossa leaf tissue. XXVth International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair2010.
Rapid identification of hydroxycinnamate esters in Miscanthus giganteus and Miscanthus goliath as substrates for polyphenol oxidase using ESI-MS/MS. Planta Medica 75 (9) 55th International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society for Medicinal Plant Research and Natural Product Research. pp. 900. 10.1055/s-0029-1234318 Cadair2009.
Festuca pratensis partial PPO sequence. Cadair2009.
Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphenol oxidase. Phytochemistry 69 (16) pp. 2799-2806. 10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.08.019 Cadair2008.
Extraction, structural characterisation and evaluation of hydroxycinnamate esters of orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata) as substrates for polyphonel oxidase. Planta Medica 74 Natural products with Pharmaceutical, Nutraceutical, Cosmetic and Agrochemical interest. Joint meeting of AFERP/ASP/GA/PSE/SIF. pp. T1.51. 10.1055/s-0028-1084432 Cadair2008.
Polyphenol oxidase activity and protein complexing in damaged red clover herbage. BSAS Annual Conference, Spa Complex, Scarborough, 31 March - 2 April 2008. 2008 British Society of Animal Science Annual Conference. pp. p029. Cadair2008.
Latent and Active Polyphenol Oxidase (PPO) in Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) and Use of a Low PPO Mutant To Study the Role of PPO in Proteolysis Reduction. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56 (8) pp. 2817-2824. 10.1021/jf0726177 Cadair2008.
Selective metabolism of glycosidase inhibitors by a specialized moth feeding on Hyacinthoides non-scripta flowers. Natural Product Communications 3 (1) pp. 41-44. Cadair2008.
Identification of substrates of polyphenol oxidase enzyme from cocksfoot species using NMR and LCMS techniques. A young scientists symposium, Garganano. Cadair2008.
Defence-related polyphenol oxidase gene family resides on an extensive gene cluster in red clover. IVth International Conference on Legume Genomics and Genetics. Cadair2008.
Role of red clover polyphenol oxidase in pathogen resistance. 24th International Conference on Polyphenols. Cadair2008.
Isolation of an enzyme for the conversion of grass polymeric fructan to fructose, a fermentable substrate for the production of ethanol. Agricultural Biotechnology International Conference. Cadair2008.
Polyphenol oxidase activity in grass and its effect on plant-mediated lipolysis and proteolysis of Dactylis glomerata (Cocksfoot) in a simulated rumen environment. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 86 (10) pp. 1503-1511. 10.1002/jsfa.2533 Cadair2006.
Biochemistry and molecular biology of polyphenol oxidases in grasses. XXIII International Conference on Polyphenols, Winnipeg. Cadair2006.
The effect of sowing ratio and stage of maturity at harvest on yield, persistency and chemical composition of fresh and ensiled red clover/lucerne bi-crops. Grass and Forage Science 58 (4) pp. 397-406. 10.1111/j.1365-2494.2003.00392.x Cadair Other2003.
Effect of PPO on protein quality in fresh and conserved forage. Cadair2003.
Comparison of polyphenol oxidase activity in red clover and perennial ryegrass. Aspects of Applied Biology 70 pp. 15-16. Cadair2003.
New approaches to forage legume breeding. Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung. 24th EUCARPIA Fodder Crops and Amenity Grasses Section. pp. 22-25. Cadair2003.
Effect of inoculation with Lactobacillus plantarum on protein degradation during ensilage of red clover. In (eds) Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College pp. 11-13. Cadair2002.
Development of a novel silage inoculant from small scale laboratory to large clamp silos. In (eds) Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Proceedings XIII International Silage Conference. Scotland's Rural College pp. 11-13. Cadair Other2002.
The effect of harvest date and inoculation on the yield, fermentation characteristics and feeding value of kale silage. Grass and Forage Science 56 (2) pp. 151-161. 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00262.x Cadair2001.
Effect of formic acid and a bacterial inoculant on the amino acid composition of grass silage and on animal performance. Grass and Forage Science 56 (2) pp. 181-192. 10.1046/j.1365-2494.2001.00265.x Cadair2001.
Conservation of alternative forage crops. Final report to the Milk Development Council (MDC) - June 2000 Milk Development Council Cadair2000.
Production of cellulase and beta-glucosidase activity during growth of the actinomycete Micromonospora chalcae on cellulose containing media. Biotechnology Letters 18 (5) pp. 537-540. 10.1007/BF00140199 Cadair1996.
Changes in gene‐expression in response to sucrose accumulation in leaf tissue of Lolium temulentum L. New Phytologist 128 (4) pp. 591-600. Cadair1994.