Planetary Challenges and Politics Centre
Introduction to Planetary Challenges and Politics Centre
We live on an intensely interconnected planet where natural, technological, and social and political systems interact in complex, challenging ways. The Planetary Challenges and Politics Centre is driven by a mission to better understand these complex interconnections. It is also driven by the increasing demand on both the natural sciences and the social and political sciences to seek a closer conversation between their respective theoretical, methodological and empirical outlooks so as to allow us to productively tackle key challenges: from new and old security threats to health provision, sustainable food production, and climate change.
There are three ways in which this Centre’s mission stands out as distinctive.
First, the Centre takes seriously the ‘planetary’ nature of global challenges, that is, that they involve not only negotiations between humans throughout the globe but also, crucially, serious engagement with other planetary forms of life (and non-life) within which human activity is embedded. The Centre understands global social and political problems as part and parcel of much wider ‘planetary’ challenges facing also plants, animals, and ecosystems. It is this perspective, which embeds human and social systems in the analysis of complex planetary systems (and thus also necessitates development of new methodological tools), which distinguishes the Centre’s mission from the study of processes of ‘globalization’.
Second, we also explore the ethical and political consequences of the threats and challenges arising from planetary interconnections. We explore the implications of extinction-level threats caused by nuclear weapons, ecological collapse and extra-planetary objects and what they mean for political and ethical imaginations and structures on the planet.
Third, where individual academic disciplines, or ‘inter-disciplinary’ work, used to tackle sub-sections of such challenges, today our understanding of the integrated nature of social, natural and technological systems demands an integration of social and political analysis with natural scientific data, thinking and methods – albeit with a critical, reflective appreciation of both the potential and the dangers involved in such integration. The contributors to this Centre seek to study how we might understand social and political challenges from a 'post-disciplinary' perspective and seek to pioneer empirical and theoretical exploration of politics/international politics in the context of planetary social, natural and technological systems.
This Centre seeks to build on the calls for re-imagining of political commitments given existential threats we face today and also the increasing demands for a new kind of 'planetary politics'. It also seeks to directly address increasing policy practitioner demand for more integrated analyses of challenges such as climate change. As such, this Centre, led by Professor Milja Kurki and based in the Department of International Politics at Aberystwyth University, seeks to advance both a new avenue to analysis of global and planetary challenges but also a new way of doing social and political science, including International Relations.
The objectives of the Planetary Systems and Politics Centre are:
- to develop new innovative methodologies and approaches to tackle planetary problems
- to advance new and improved understandings of how social and political sciences can contribute to natural science and technology research, and vice versa, in order to develop an understanding of complex inter-related planetary systems
- to formulate new ethical perspectives, imaginations and responses to address the global/planetary threats and challenges.
- Planetary Health – What does it mean to address health challenges as implicated in multiple inter-twined natural and social systems?
- Extinction and Planetary Politics – What kinds of existential threats face humanity and related eco-systems today and what are their implications for innovation of resilient and sustainable technologies, preventative measures, and social and political institutions?
- Planetary Food Production and Agriculture – How are planetary social and political challenges impacting on food production systems and mechanisms and what kind of food production technologies and social systems can be developed to create sustainable crops and food production systems? How are they linked to social and political dynamics?
- Planetary Climate – What are the implications of climate science on social and political life and what are the implications of social and political challenges for tackling climate change? What kind of scientific and political response is required?
- Technology, Social Change and Planetary Politics – What are the implications socially and politically of the spread of old (e.g. nuclear) and new (e.g. bio, informational) technologies in human and animal communities?
- Re-imagining of Politics, Ethics and Society in a Planetary Perspective – What does it mean for ethical imagination, frameworks and principles to understand the nature of complex planetary systems and threats therein?