Prof Michael Christie

BSc (Hons), PhD. Aberdeen.

Prof Michael Christie


Institute Director of Research

Institute Deputy Director

Contact Details



Prof Christie was appointed Professor of Environmental and Ecological Economics in the School of Management and Business in 2012. He has a BSc (Hons) degree in Agriculture (1992) and PhD in Environmental Economics (1998): both from Aberdeen University. In 1996, he was appointed a Lecturer in Environmental Economics at Aberystwyth University's Institute of Rural Studies. He is Executive Member of the UK Network of Environmental Economics and the Ecosystem Service Partnership, and Associated Editor of the Ecosystem Services journal. He teaches microeconomics and environmental / ecological economics.

His research interests are in Environmental and Ecological Economics, specialising in the economic and social valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Although he utilises a wide range of non-market valuation methods, his speciality is in the use of stated preference method (choice experiments). He is also interested in exploring ways in which these methods might be enhanced by e.g. incorporating participatory and deliberative approaches to improve people's preference revelation. Other areas of expertise include: outdoor recreation, tourism, agri-environment, and economic impact.

Recent research projects have been funded by NERC's VNN, BESS and ESPA programmes, as well more applied Defra research on e.g. the ecosystem service value of the UK BAP and SSSIs. Increasingly, his research has focused on examining the human welfare impacts of biodiversity loss in developing countries, with recent studies in Malawi, Nigeria, Ghana, the Solomon Islands and the Caribbean. He also contributed to TEEB and the UK National Ecosystem Assessment, and has ran various capacity building courses for UNEP on Ecosystem Assessments in Africa, Asia, Caribbean and South America.



Conrad, E, Christie, M & Fazey, IRA 2011, 'Understanding public perceptions of landscape: A case study from Gozo, Malta' Applied Geography, vol 31, no. 1, pp. 159-170. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.03.009
Conrad, E, Cassar, LF, Christie, M & Fazey, I 2011, 'Hearing but not listening? A participatory assessment of public participation in planning.' Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, vol 29, no. 5, pp. 761-782. DOI: 10.1068/c10137
Whitfield, S, Reed, MS, Thomson, K, Christie, M, Stringer, LC, Quinn, CH, Anderson, R, Moxey, A & Hubacek, K 2011, 'Managing Peatland Ecosystem Services: Current UK policy and future challenges in a changing world.' Scottish Geographical Journal, vol 127, no. 3, pp. 209-230. DOI: 10.1080/14702541.2011.616864
Christie, M, de Groot, R, Kumar, P, Sukhdev, P, van Beukering, P, Brander, L, Christie, M, Crossman, N, Ghermandi, A, Hein, L, Hussian, S, Pitt, D, van der Ploeg, S, Portela, R, Rodriguez, L & Kumar, P (ed.) 2010, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: The Ecological and Economic Foundations (TEEB D0). Taylor & Francis.
De Groot, R, Fisher, B & Christie, M 2010, TEEB Chapter 1: Integrating the ecological and economic dimensions in biodiversity and ecosystem service valuation. in P Kumar (ed.), The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Foundations. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 9-40.
De Groot, R, Kumar, P & Christie, M 2010, Appendix 3: Estimates of Monetary Values of Ecosystem Services: A3.7 Monetary values of ecosystem services provided by tropical forests. in P Kumar (ed.), The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Foundations. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 367-401.
Fazey, IRA, Kesby, M, Evely, A, Latham, I, Wagatora, D, Hagasua, J-E, Reed, MS & Christie, M 2010, 'A three-tiered approach to participatory vulnerability assessment in the Solomon Islands' Global Environmental Change, vol 20, no. 4, pp. 713-728. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.04.011
Fazey, IRA, Garcia-Perez Gamarra, J, Fischer, J, Reed, MS, Stringer, LC & Christie, M 2010, 'Adaptation strategies for reducing vulnerability to future environmental change' Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol 8, no. 8, pp. 414-422. DOI: 10.1890/080215
Moorby, JM, Christie, M, Chadwick, DR, Misselbrook, TH, Chambers, BJ & Harris, D 2010, A review of research to identify best practice for reducing pollution gas emissions from agriculture and land management. Prepared as part of DEFRA project AC0207, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Reed, MS, Buckmaster, S, Moxey, A, Keenleyside, C, Fazey, I, Scott, A, Thomson, K, Thorp, S, Anderson, R, Bateman, I, Bryce, R, Christie, M, Glass, J, Hubacek, K, Quinn, C, Maffey, G, Midgely, A, Robinson, G, Stringer, L, Lowe, P & Slee, B 2010, Policy options for sustainable management of UK Peatlands. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Pascal, U, Muradian, R, Brander, L, Gomez-Baggethun, E, Martin-Lopez, B, Berma, M & Christie, M 2010, TEEB Chapter 5 The Economics of Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity. in P Kumar (ed.), The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Foundations. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 183-256.
Conrad, L, Christie, M & Fazey, I 2009, Incorporating people's perception into landscape planning: ethical challenges in dealing with diversity of opinion within a community. in EL Weber (ed.), Environmental Ethics: Sustainability and Education. Inter-Disciplinary.Net.
Christie, M & Azevedo, C 2009, 'Testing the consistency between standard contingent valuation, repeated contingent valuation, and choice experiments' Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol 60, no. 1, pp. 154-170. DOI: 10.1111/j.1477-9552.2008.00178.x
Christie, M, Fazey, I, Hyde, AG, Dennis, P, Warren, J, Littlewood, NA & Skartveit, J 2008, Economic valuation of the benefits of the UK biodiversity action plan. Phase 1 Report Defra Project SFFSD 0702, Prifysgol Aberystwyth | Aberystwyth University.
Christie, M, Fazey, I, Cooper, R, Hyde, AG, Deri, A, Hughes, L, Bush, G, Brander, L, Nahman, A, de Lange, W & Reyers, B 2008, An evaluation of economic and non-economic techniques for assessing the importance of biodiversity to people in developing countries. DEFRA Final Report WC0709, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Christie, M & Hanley, N 2008, Evaluation of heterogeneous preferences for forest recreation in the UK using choice experiments. in E Birol & P Koundouri (eds), Choice Experiments Informing Environmental Policy: A European Perspective. New Horizons in Environmental Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 220-249.
Christie, M, Hanley, N & Hynes, S 2007, 'Valuing enhancements to forest recreation using choice experiments and contingent behaviour methods' Journal of Forest Economics, vol 13, no. 2-3, pp. 75-102. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfe.2007.02.005
Christie, M 2007, 'An examination of the disparity between hypothetical and actual willingness to pay using the contingent valuation method: the case of red kite conservation in the United Kingdom' Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol 55, no. 2, pp. 159-169. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7976.2007.00085.x
Christie, M, Hanley, N, Warren, JM, Murphy, K, Wright, R & Hyde, AG 2006, 'Valuing the diversity of biodiversity' Ecological Economics, vol 58, no. 2, pp. 304-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.07.034
Scott, A, Christie, M & Midmore, PR 2004, 'Impact of the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Britain: implications for rural studies.' Journal of Rural Studies, vol 20, no. 1, pp. 1-14. DOI: 10.1016/S0743-0167(03)00032-9
Christie, M, Tench, H & Scott, M 2003, 'Visitor payback: Panacea or Pandora's box for conservation in the UK?' Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, vol 46, no. 4, pp. 583-604. DOI: 10.1080/0964056032000133170
Christie, M 2001, The economic impact of Welsh National Nature Reserves. in R Byron, JC Hansen & T Jenkins (eds), Community Development on the North Atlantic Margin: Selected Contributions to the Fifteenth International Seminar on Marginal Regions. Taylor & Francis, pp. 155-172.
Christie, M 2001, 'A comparison of alternative contingent valuation elicitation treatments for the evaluation of complex environmental policy' Journal of Environmental Management, vol 62, no. 3, pp. 255-269. DOI: 10.1006/jema.2001.0439
Christie, M, Crabtree, B & Slee, B 2000, 'An economic assessment of informal recreation policy in the Scottish countryside' Scottish Geographical Journal, vol 116, no. 2, pp. 125-142.
Kenter, JO, Jobstvogt, N, Watson, V, Irvine, KN, Christie, M & Bryce, R 2016, 'The impact of information, value-deliberation and group-based decision-making on values for ecosystem services: Integrating deliberative monetary valuation and storytelling' Ecosystem Services, vol 21, no. Part B, pp. 270 - 290. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.006
Kenter, JO, Bryce, R, Christie, M, Cooper, N, Hockley, N, Irvine, KN, Fazey, IRA, O'Brien, L, Orchard-Webb, J, Ravenscroft, N, Raymond, CM, Reed, M, Tett, P & Watson, V 2016, 'Shared values and deliberative valuation: Future directions' Ecosystem Services, vol 21, no. Part B, pp. 358 - 371. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.10.006
Durance, I, Bruford, M, Chalmers, RM, Chappell, NA, Christie, M, Cosby, BJ, Noble, D, Ormerod, SJ, Prosser, H, Weightman, A & Woodward, G 2016, The Challenges of Linking Ecosystem Services to Biodiversity: Lessons from a Large-Scale Freshwater Study. in G Woodward & DA Bohan (eds), Ecosystem Services: From Biodiversity to Society, Part 2. Advances in Ecological Research, vol. 54, Elsevier, pp. 87-134. DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2015.10.003
Beynon, S, Wainwright, WA & Christie, M 2015, 'The application of an ecosystem services framework to estimate the economic value of dung beetles to the U.K. cattle industry' Ecological Entomology, vol 40, no. Supplement S1, pp. 124-135. DOI: 10.1111/een.12240
Kenter, JO, O'Brien, L, Hockley, N, Ravenscroft, N, Fazey, I, Irvine, KN, Reed, MS, Christie, M, Brady, E, Bryce, R, Church, A, Cooper, N, Davies, A, Evely, A, Everard, M, Fish, R, Fisher, JA, Jobstvogt, N, Molloy, C, Orchard-Webb, J, Ranger, S, Ryan, M, Watson, V & Williams, S 2015, 'What are shared and social values of ecosystems?' Ecological Economics, vol 111, pp. 86-99. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.01.006
Christie, M, Remoundou, K, Siwicka, EA & Wainwright, W 2015, 'Valuing marine and coastal ecosystem service benefits: Case study of St Vincent and the Grenadines’ proposed marine protected areas' Ecosystem Services, vol 11, pp. 115-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.10.002
Dzanja, JK, Christie, M, Fazey, IRA & Hyde, T 2015, 'The role of social capital in rural household food security: The case study of Dowa and Lilongwe Districts in Central Malawi' Journal of Agricultural Science, vol 7, no. 12, pp. 165 - 176. DOI: 10.5539/jas.v7n12p165
Colombo, S, Christie, M & Hanley, N 2013, 'What are the consequences of ignoring attributes in choice experiments? Implications for ecosystem service valuation' Ecological Economics, vol 96, pp. 25-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.08.016
Dzanja, JL, Christie, M, Fazey, I & Hyde, AG 2013, 'The role of social capital on rural food security: the case study of Dowa and Lilongwe Districts in Central Malawi' Access International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol 1, no. 4, pp. 46-56.
Schader, C, Lampkin, N, Christie, M, Nemecek, T, Gaillard, G & Stolze, M 2013, 'Economic evaluation of organic farming support as an agri-environmental measure at Swiss agricultural sector level.' Land Use Policy, vol 31, pp. 196-208. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.06.014
Kenter, JO, Bryce, R, Davies, A, Jobstvogt, N, Watson, V, Ranger, S, Solandt, J-L, Duncan, C, Christie, M, Crump, HL, Irvine, KN, Pinard, M & Reed, MS 2013, The value of potential marine protected areas in the UK to divers and sea anglers. UK National Ecosystem Assessment interim report. in UNEP-WCMC. United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge.
Christie, M, Fazey, IRA, Cooper, R, Hyde, AG & Kenter, JO 2012, 'An evaluation of monetary and non-monetary techniques for assessing the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services to people in countries with developing economies' Ecological Economics, vol 83, pp. 67-78. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.08.012
De Groot, R, Brander, L, Van Der Ploeg, S, Costanza, R, Bernard, F, Braat, L, Christie, M, Crossman, N, Ghermandi, A, Hein, L, Hussain, S, Kumar, P, Mcvittie, A, Portela, R, Rodriguez, LC, Ten Brink, P & Van Beukering, P 2012, 'Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary units' Ecosystem Services, vol 1, no. 1, pp. 50-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.07.005
Christie, M & Rayment, M 2012, 'An economic assessment of the ecosystem service benefits derived from the SSSI biodiversity conservation policy in England and Wales' Ecosystem Services, vol 1, no. 1, pp. 70 - 84. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2012.07.004
Christie, M & Gibbons, J 2011, 'The effect of individual 'ability to choose' (scale heterogeneity) on the valuation of environmental goods' Ecological Economics, vol 70, no. 12, pp. 2250-2257. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.07.011
Conrad, E, Christie, M & Fazey, I 2011, 'Is research keeping up with changes in landscape policy? A review of the literature' Journal of Environmental Management, vol 92, no. 9, pp. 2097-2108. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.04.003
Christie, M, Hyde, A, Cooper, R, Fazey, I, Dennis, P, Warren, JM, Colombo, S & Hanley, N 2011, Economic Valuation of the Benefits of Ecosystem Services delivered by the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (Defra Project SFFSD 0702). Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Kenter, JO, Hyde, AG, Christie, M & Fazey, IRA 2011, 'The importance of deliberation in valuing ecosystem services in developing countries - Evidence from the Solomon Islands' Global Environmental Change, vol 21, no. 2, pp. 505-521. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.001
Russell, S, Blackstock, T, Christie, M, Clarke, M, Davies, K, Duigan, C, Durance, I, Elliot, R, Evans, H, Falzon, C, Frost, P, Ginley, S, Hockley, N, Hourahane, S, Jones, BM, Jones, LE, Korn, J, Ogden, P, Pagella, S, Pagella, T, Pawson, B, Reynolds, B, Robinson, D, Sanderson, B, Sherry, J, Skates, J, Small, E, Spence, B & Thomas, C 2011, Status and changes in the Uk's Ecosystems and their services to society: Wales. Reports for the UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on Phase, no. Chapter 20, Berforts Information Press.
Conrad, E, Cassar, LF, Jones, M, Eiter, S, Izaovicova, Z, Barankova, Z, Christie, M & Fazey, I 2011, 'Rhetoric and Reporting of Public Participation in Landscape Policy' Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, vol 13, no. 1, pp. 23-47. DOI: 10.1080/1523908X.2011.560449