Prof Henry Lamb

BA, University of Dublin, Trinity College, 1976; MSc, University of Minnesota (1978); PhD, University of Cambridge, 1982

Prof Henry Lamb

Personal Chair

Contact Details

Profile

I graduated in Natural Sciences (Botany) from the University of Dublin (Trinity College) in 1976, and obtained an MSc in Ecology from the University of Minnesota (1978). My PhD research (University of Cambridge, 1982) was on the Holocene history of the forest-tundra ecotone in Labrador, Canada. I joined DGES in 1983. Until recently, I taught modules in Quaternary Palaeoecology and Biogeography.

My principal research interests are in Quaternary environmental change, specializing in lake-sediment records of climatic and vegetation change. Since 1992, my primary focus has been on East Africa, especially Ethiopia, working with colleagues from Addis Ababa, St Andrews, Bangor, and Cologne. I am Co-Director of the Itrax XRF core scanner facility.

Teaching

Research

Late Pleistocene desiccation of Lake Tana, source of the Blue Nile: Seismic survey showed the optimal location for successful recovery of a 90m core, dated by  radiocarbon & luminescence chronologies to establish a near-continuous palaeoenvironmental record for the last 250,000 years. The seismic and geochemical  data from the core, determined by Itrax XRF core scanning, present a record of changing lake-level and allochthonous sedimentary input. The record shows varied climate towards the end of the penultimate glacial, followed by an abrupt change to relatively stable moist climate during the last interglacial. These conditions could have favoured selection for behavioural versatility, population growth and range expansion, supporting models of early, multiple dispersals of modern humans from Africa  (Lamb et al 2018 :150,000-year palaeoclimate record from northern Ethiopia supports early, multiple dispersals of modern humans from Africa. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS | (2018) 8:1077 | DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-19601-w )

A film clip on this topic containing an interview with me is available online.

Lake Suigetsu Varves 2006: An international research project based around the 2006 core of Lake Suigetsu in Japan to establish a radiocarbon calibration model for the Late Pleistocene (10,000-50,000 BP) based on radiocarbon analyses of terrestrial plant macrofossils recovered from annually laminated lacustrine sediment. Our contribution used the XRF core scanner to construct a varve chronology from the core.

Hominid Sites & Paleolakes Drilling Project: Project to a obtain a 400m/1 million year core record of climatic change from the sediments of Chew Bahir, south Ethiopia & test hypotheses about

Research Groups

Publications

Abrupt or Gradual? Change Point Analysis of the Late Pleistocene-Holocene Chew Bahir Record from Southern EthiopiaFoerster, V., Junginger, A., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Schaebitz, F. & Trauth, M. 2018 (Accepted/In press) In : Quaternary Research.
150,000-year palaeoclimate record from northern Ethiopia supports early, multiple dispersals of modern humans from AfricaLamb, H., Bates, C. R., Bryant, C. L., Davies, S., Huws, D. G., Marshall, M. H. & Roberts, H. M. 2018 In : Scientific Reports.8, 1077
Recurrent explosive eruptions from a high risk Main Ethiopian Rift volcano throughout the HoloceneMartin-Jones, C. M., Lane, C., Pearce, N., Smith, V. C., Lamb, H., Schaebitz, F., Viehberg, F., Brown, M. C., Frank, U. & Asrat, A. 2017 In : Geology.45, 12, p. 1127-11304 p.
Reprint of Glass compositions and tempo of post-17 ka eruptions from the Afar Triangle recorded in sediments from lates Ashenge and Hayk, EthiopiaMartin-Jones, C. M., Lane, C., Pearce, N., Smith, V. C., Lamb, H., Oppenheimer, C., Asrat, A. & Schaebitz, F. 2017 In : Quaternary Geochronology.40, p. 92-108
The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: High-Resolution Paleoclimate Records from the East African Rift System and Their Implications for Understanding the Environmental Context of Hominin EvolutionCampisano, C., Cohen, A. S., Arrowsmith, J. R., Asrat, A., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Brown, E. T., Deino, A. L., Deocampo, D. M., Feibel, C. S., Kingston, J. D., Lamb, H., Lowenstein, T. K., Noren, A., Olago, D. O., Owen, R. B., Pelletier, J. D., Potts, R., Reed, K., Renaut, R. W., Russell, J., Russell, J. L., Schäbitz, F., Stone, J. R., Trauth, M. H. & Wynn, J. G. 2017 In : Paleoanthropology.p. 1-4343 p.
Evidence for a bi-partition of the Younger Dryas Stadial in East Asia associated with inversed climate characteristics compared to EuropeSchlolaut, G., Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H. F., Tyler, J. J., Staff, R. A., Marshall, M. H., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bryant, C. L. & Tarasov, P. E. 2017 In : Scientific Reports.7, 7 p., 44983
Glass compositions and tempo of post-17 ka eruptions from the Afar Triangle recorded in sediments from lakes Ashenge and Hayk, EthiopiaMartin-Jones, C. M., Lane, C., Pearce, N., Smith, V. C., Lamb, H., Oppenheimer, C., Asrat, A. & Schaebitz, F. 2017 In : Quaternary Geochronology.37, p. 15-31
Bush encroachment and long-term savanna dynamics: the Mursi and the Mago National Park in southwestern EthiopiaGil-Romera, G., Pueyo, Y., Lamb, H., Sevilla-Callejo, M. & Turton, D. 2016 In : Quaternary International.404, B, p. 179-180
Developing a Holocene tephrostratigraphy of EthiopiaMartin-Jones, C., Lane, C. S., Lamb, H., Pearce, N. & Smith, V. C. 2016 In : Quaternary International.404, B, p. 1981 p.
Late Glacial and Holocene environmental history of the Ethiopian Highlands inferred from a 12 m long sediment record from Dendi crater lakesWagner, B., Kolvenbach, A., Schäbitz, F., Viehberg, Junginger, A., Wennrich, V., Rethemeyer, J., Endale, T., Lamb, H. & Asrat, A. 2016 In : Quaternary International.404, B, p. 1771 p.
First results from the deep drilling at Chew Bahir (S-Ethiopia)Schäbitz, F., Wagner, B., Viehberg, F., Wennrich, V., Rethemeyer, J., Just, J., Klasen, N., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Förster, V., Trauth, M., Junginger, A. & Cohen, A. 2016 In : Quaternary International.404, B, p. 1791 p.
The Hominin sites and Palaeolakes Drilling Project: Testing hypotheses of climate-driven human evolution and dispersal at Chew Bahir, EthiopiaLamb, H., Cohen, A., Schäbitz, F., Asrat, A., Barker, P., Bates, R., Davies, S., Deino, A., Förster, V., Grove, M., Huws, D., Junginger, A., Konrad-Schmolke, M., Lane, C., Mark, D., Pearce, N., Pearson, E., Ramsey, C., Raub, T., Rethemeyer, J., Roberts, H. M., Rogass, C., Trauth, M., Viehberg, F., Wagner, B. & Woldegabriel, G. 2016 p. 2091 p.
Toward a late Quaternary tephrostratigraphic framework for connecting East African palaeoenvironmental archivesLane, C. S., Martin-Jones, C. M., Johnson, T. C., Lamb, H., Pearce, N., Scholz, C. A., Smith, V. C. & Verschuren, D. 2016 In : Quaternary International.404, B, p. 200-2001 p.
The Hominin Sites and Paleolakes Drilling Project: Inferring the environmental context of human evolution from eastern African rift lake depositsCohen, A., Campisano, C., Arrowsmith, R., Asrat, A., Behrensmeyer, A. K., Deino, A., Feibel, C., Hill, A., Johnson, R., Kingston, J., Lamb, H., Lowenstein, T., Noren, A., Olago, R. B., Owen, R. B., Potts, R., Reed, K., Renaut, R., Schäbitz, F., Tiercelin, J. J., Trauth, M., Wynn, J., Ivory, S., Brady, K., Rodysill, J., Githiri, J., Russell, J., Foerster, V., Dommain, R., Rucina, S., Deocampo, D., Russell, J., Billingsley, A., Beck, C., Dorenbeck, G., Dullo, L., Feary, D., Garello, D., Gromig, R., Johnson, T., Junginger, A., Karanja, M., Kimburi, E., Mbuthia, A., McCartney, T., McNulty, E., Muiruri, V., Nambiro, E., Negash, E. W., Njagi, D., Wilson, J. N., Rabideaux, N., Raub, T. D., Sier, M. J., Urban, J., Warren, M., Yadeta, M., Yost, C. & Zinaye, B. 2016 In : Scientific Drilling.21, p. 1-1616 p.
Indications of a pan-hemispheric bi-partition of the Younger Dras Stadial from Lake Suigetsu, JapanSchlolaut, G., Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H., Marshall, M. H., Kato-Saito, M., Staff, R., Ramsey, C. B. & Bryant, C. 2016
Environmental change and human occupation of southern Ethiopia and northern Kenya during the last 20,000 yearsFoerster, V., Vogelsang, R., Junginger, A., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Schaebitz, F. & Trauth, M. 2015 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.129, p. 333-3408 p.
Climatic variability, plasticity, and dispersal: A case study from Lake Tana, EthiopiaGrove, M., Lamb, H., Roberts, H. M., Davies, S., Marshall, M. H., Bates, R. & Huws, D. 2015 In : Journal of Human Evolution.87, p. 32-4716 p.
Micro-XRF core scanning in palaeolimnology: recent developmentsDavies, S., Lamb, H. & Roberts, S. J. 2015 Micro-XRF Studies of Sediment Cores : Applications of a non-destructive tool for the environmental sciences.Springer Nature, Vol. 17, p. 189-22638 p. (Developments in Paleoenvironmental Research; vol. 17)
A History of Human Impact on Moroccan Mountain LandscapesCheddadi, R., Nourelbait, M., Bouaissa, O., Tabel, J., Rhoujjati, A., Antonio López-Sáez, J., Alba-Sánchez, F., Khater, C., Ballouche, A., Dezileau, L. & Lamb, H. 2015 In : African Archaeological Review.32, 2, p. 233-248
Northeast African temperature variability since the Late PleistoceneLoomis, S. E., Russell, J. M. & Lamb, H. 2015 In : Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.423, p. 80-9011 p.
John Birks: Pioneer in quantitative palaeoecologyBattarbee, R. W., Lamb, H., Bennett, K., Edwards, M., Bjune, A. E., Kaland, P. E., Berglund, B. E., Lotter, A. F., Seppa, H., Willis, K. J., Herzschuh, U. & Birks, H. H. 2015 In : Holocene.25, 1, p. 3-1614 p.
Isotopic reconstruction of the African Humid Period and Congo Air Boundary migration at Lake Tana, EthiopiaCosta, K., Russell, J., Konecky, B. & Lamb, H. 2014 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.83, p. 58-67
Multiple Chronological Techniques Applied to the Lake Suigetsu (SG06) Sediment CoreStaff, R. A., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Ramsey, C. B., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Payne, R. L., Brauer, A., Lamb, H. F., Smith, V. C., Blockley, S. P. E., MacLeod, A., Mark, D. F., Schwenninger, J-L., Tarasov, P. E., Yokoyamai, Y., Haraguchi, T., Nakagawa, T., Gotanda, K. & Yonenobu, H. 2013 In : Boreas.42, 2, p. 259–266
The multiple chronological techniques applied to the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sediment core, central Japan: Multiple chronological techniques on the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sediment core, JapanStaff, R. A., Nakagawa, T., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Lamb, H. F., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Kitagawa, H., Van Der Plicht, J., Payne, R. L., Smith, V. C., Mark, D. F., Macleod, A., Blockley, S. P. E., Schwenninger, J., Tarasov, P. E., Haraguchi, T., Gotanda, K., Yonenobu, H. & Yokoyama, Y. 2013 In : Boreas.42, 2, p. 259-266
Integration of the Old and New Lake Suigetsu (Japan) Terrestrial Radiocarbon Calibration Data SetsStaff, R., Schlolaut, G., Ramsey, C. B., Brock, F., Bryant, C. L., Kitagawa, H., van der Plicht, J. & Lamb, H. 2013 In : Radiocarbon.55, 4, p. 2049-2058
A novel approach to varve counting using μXRF and X-radiography in combination with thin-section microscopy, applied to the Late Glacial chronology from Lake Suigetsu, JapanMarshall, M. H., Schlolaut, G., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H., Brauer, A., Staff, R. A., Ramsey, C. B., Tarasov, P. E., Gotanda, K., Haraguchi, T., Yonenobu, H., Tada, R. & Yokoyama, Y. 2012 In : Quaternary Geochronology.13, p. 70-80
An automated method for varve interpolation and its application to the Late Glacial chronology from Lake Suigetsu, JapanSchlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H. F., Staff, R. A., Bronk Ramsey, C., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Kossler, A., Tarasov, P. E., Yokoyama, Y., Tada, R. & Haraguchi, T. 2012 In : Quaternary Geochronology.13, p. 52-69
A Complete Terrestrial Radiocarbon Record for 11.2 to 52.8 kyr B.P.Bronk Ramsey, C., Staff, R. A., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Kitagawa, H., Van Der Plicht, J., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Lamb, H. F., Payne, R. L., Tarasov, P. E., Haraguchi, T., Gotanda, K., Yonenobu, H., Yokoyama, Y., Tada, R. & Nakagawa, T. 2012 In : Science.338, 6105, p. 370-374
Climatic change recorded in the sediments of the Chew Bahir basin, southern Ethiopia, during the last 45,000 yearsFoerster, V., Juninger, A., Langkamp, O., Gebru, T., Asrat, A., Umer, M., Lamb, H. F., Wennrich, V., Rethemeyer, J., Nowaczyk, N., Trauth, M. H. & Schaebitz, F. 2012 In : Quaternary International.274, 1, p. 25-37
SG06, a fully continuous and varved sediment core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: stratigraphy and potential for improving the radiocarbon calibration model and understanding of late Quaternary climate changesNakagawa, T., Gotanda, K., Haraguchi, T., Danhara, T., Yonenobu, H., Brauer, A., Yokoyama, Y., Tada, R., Takemura, K., Staff, R. A., Payne, R., Ramsey, C. B., Bryant, C., Brock, F., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Tarasov, P. & Lamb, H. 2012 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.36, p. 164–17613 p.
Origin and isotopic composition of aragonite laminae in an Ethiopian crater lakeRicketts, D., Telford, R., Umer, M., Lamb, H., Kebede, S. & Leng, M. J. 2011 p. 487-50822 p.
Climatic and non-climatic effects on the delta O-18 and delta C-13 compositions of Lake Awassa, Ethiopia, during the last 6.5 kaLamb, H. F., Telford, R. J., Leng, M. J., Mohammed, M. U. & Lamb, A. L. 2011 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.p. 20-223 p.
The environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): statistical analysis of palaeoecological data from Golhisar, southwest TurkeyLamb, H. F., Eastwood, W. J., Birks, H. J. B., Roberts, N. & Tibby, J. 2011 In : Holocene.12, 4, p. 431-44414 p.
Late Pleistocene and Holocene drought events at Lake Tana, the source of the Blue NileMarshall, M. H., Lamb, H. F., Huws, D., Davies, S. J., Bates, R., Bloemendal, J., Boyle, J., Leng, M. J., Umer, M. & Bryant, C. 2011 In : Global and Planetary Change.78, 3-4, p. 147-16115 p.
Onset and termination of the late-glacial climate reversal in the high-resolution diatom and sedimentary records from the annually laminated SG06 core from Lake Suigetsu, JapanKossler, A., Tarasov, P., Schlolaut, G., Nakagawa, T., Marshall, M., Brauer, A., Staff, R., Ramsey, C. B., Bryant, C., Lamb, H., Demske, D., Gotanda, K., Haraguchi, T., Yokoyama, Y., Yonenobu, H., Tada, R., Lamb, H. & Marshall, M. 2011 In : Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.306, 3-4, p. 103-11513 p.
New 14C determinations from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: 12,000 to 0 cal BPStaff, R. A., Ramsey, C. B., Bryant, C. L., Brock, F., Payne, R. L., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M. H., Brauer, A., Lamb, H. F., Tarasov, P., Yokoyama, Y., Haraguchi, T., Gotanda, K., Yonenobu, H. & Nakagawa, T. 2011 In : Radiocarbon.53, 3
Long-term resilience, bush encroachment patterns and local knowledge in a Northeast African savannaGil-Romera, G., Lamb, H. F., Turton, D., Sevilla-Callejo, M. & Umer, M. 2010 In : Global Environmental Change.20, 4, p. 612-62615 p.
Holocene fire activity and vegetation response in South-Eastern IberiaSevilla-Callejo, M., Gil-Romera, G., Pausas, J. G., Lamb, H. F., Burjachs, F., Fernández, S. & Carrión, J. S. 2010 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.29, 9-10, p. 1082-109211 p.
The potential of high-resolution X-ray fluorescence core scanning: Applications in paleolimnologyFrancus, P., Lamb, H., Nakagawa, T., Marshall, M. H. & Brown, E. 2009 In : Past Global Changes Magazine.17, 3, p. 93-953 p.
Climatic change in northern Ethiopia during the past 17,000 years: a diatom and stable isotope record from Lake AshengeMarshall, M. H., Lamb, H. F., Davies, S. J., Leng, M. J., Kubsa, Z., Umer, M. & Bryant, C. 2009 In : Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.279, 1-2, p. 114-12714 p.
Stable isotope records of Late Quaternary climate and hydrology from Mediterranean lakes : the ISOMED synthesisLamb, H. F., Benkaddour, A., Eastwood, W., Filippi, M. L., Frogley, M., Jones, M. D. & Leng, M. 2008 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.27, 25-26, p. 2426-244116 p.
High-resolution sedimentary record of the last deglaciation from a high-altitude lake in EthiopiaTiercelin, J. -J., Gibert, E., Umer, M., Bonnefille, R., Disnar, J. -R., Lézine, A-M., Hureau-Mazaudier, D., Travi, Y., Keravis, D. & Lamb, H. F. 2008 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.27, 5-6, p. 449-46719 p.
Late pleistocene and holocene vegetation history of the Bale mountains, EthiopiaLezine, A. . M., Umer, M., Bonnefille, R. & Lamb, H. F. 2007 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.26, 17-18, p. 2229-224618 p.
High-resolution seismic investigation of Lake Tana, northern EthiopiaBates, C. R., Lamb, H. & Umer, M. 2007 In : Geophysics.5, 4, p. 243-2508 p.
Late Pleistocene desiccation of Lake Tana, source of the Blue NileLamb, H. F., Bates, C. R., Coombes, P. M. V., Marshall, M. H., Umer, M., Davies, S. J. & Dejen, E. 2007 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.26, 3-4, p. 287-29913 p.
Oxygen and carbon isotope, composition of authigenic carbonate from an Ethiopian lake: a climate record of the last 2000 yearsAyenew, T., Leng, M. J., Lamb, H. F. & Telford, R. J. 2007 In : Holocene.17, 4, p. 517-52610 p.
A geochemical method for removing the effect of tephra on lake diatom oxygen isotope recordsLamb, A. L., Brewer, T. S., Leng, M. J., Sloane, H. J. & Lamb, H. F. 2006 In : Journal of Paleolimnology.p. 499-51618 p.
Unusual late-Holocene abundance of Ulmus in western Ireland – human impact in the absence of a pathogen?Lamb, H. & Thompson, A. D. 2005 In : Holocene.15, 3, p. 447-4526 p.
Vegetation response to rainfall variation and human impact in central Kenya during the past 1100 yearsVerschuren, D., Lamb, H. F. & Darbyshire, I. 2003 In : Holocene.13, 2, p. 285-2928 p.
A new approach to automated pollen analysisFrance, I., Duller, A. W. G., Duller, G. A. T. & Lamb, H. F. 2000 In : Quaternary Science Reviews.19, 6, p. 537-54610 p.
Groundwater-Mediated Response to Holocene Climatic Change Recorded by the Diatom Stratigraphy of an Ethiopian Crater LakeTelford, R. J. & Lamb, H. 1999 In : Quaternary Research.52, 1, p. 63-7513 p.
Geochemistry of Santorini tephra in lake sediments from Southwest TurkeyEastwood, W. J., Pearce, N. J. G., Westgate, J. A., Perkins, W. T., Lamb, H. F. & Roberts, N. 1999 In : Global and Planetary Change.21, 1-3, p. 17-2913 p.