Natural Resources and the Circular Bioeconomy
Natural Resources and the Circular Economy
This planet is facing a crisis point resulting from environmental mismanagement and the need to feed a growing population while providing other resources necessary to sustain the economy. Manufacturing is largely based on unsustainable linear production systems that deplete finite resources while generating large volumes of waste that are mostly sent to landfill. A circular economy is a contrasting approach based on closed loop systems that minimise waste by converting it through regenerative technologies keeping resources in use as long as possible. This concept is embedded in the research vision of the IBERS team working in the area of Biomass Conversion and Biorefining, which is to develop new biobased products and processes to advance the transition towards a circular bioeconomy.
The key priorities are:
1) economic and environmental sustainability of biobased products developed through biorefining processes
2) resource use efficiency, including recapture of process water and other components for either retention within the biorefining process system or land reapplication to sustain primary productivity. By using biorefining routes to close loops in agricultural and food production systems, the BCB aims to deliver economically sustainable carbon-neutral solutions that will support societal well-being.
Research & Capabilities
Research Focus and Capability
Our current research programmes at IBERS are focussed on the development and optimisation of enabling technologies combined with bio-process design covering technology readiness levels (TRL) 1 to 5. This involves taking projects from the conceptual stage through to industrially relevant scales, utilising our pilot-scale facilities (e.g. BEACON (http://beaconwales.org/) and Aberinnovation (https://aberinnovation.com/).
Specific areas of expertise and capability include:
- synthetic biology including enzyme and microbial discovery and development (TRL 1-3)
- bulk separation and extraction technologies (TRL 2-5); biomass thermochemical and biochemical pretreatment (TRL 2-5)
- fermentation science (TRL 2-5)
- anaerobic digestion (TRL 1-3)
- down-stream processing and purification (TRL 2-5).
We work on multiple feedstocks such as energy crops, agricultural straws, sugarcane bagasse, brewers spent grains, seaweeds, municipal solid waste, potato processing waste, for the production of multiple products for the health food, cosmetic, green solvent, biocomposite, bioenergy and bioplastics/packaging industries.
Research helping to build a circular economy
IBERS researchers are working in a number of areas that will contribute to the development of the circular economy, highlighted areas include:
A) Lactic acid for bioplastic production from municipal solid waste; this work is the culmination of research through a number of funding streams including 2 Innovate UK projects and a Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking (Horizon 2020 funding) and includes the building of a demonstration scale facility with tech-transfer from Aberystwyth University.
B) Xylitol from agricultural straws; the biotechnological production of xylitol, a natural sweetener that prevents tooth decay in children, contains »70% the caloric value of table sugar and is compatible with diabetics has been funded by Climate-KIC, through the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT), the Welsh Government, Innovate UK, the Plants to Products BBSRC NiBB and the BBSRC and Newton Fund culminating in the launch of an AU spin-out company ARCITEKBIO Ltd to commercialise the technology.
C) Protein and bioactive metabolites from food waste; this work originated from a series of research programmes funded by Innovate UK and Welsh Government.
Projects & Grants
Project / Grants
- Industrial Biomass Biorefining (BEACON, BEACON+, BEACON++) WG ERDF, - http://beaconwales.org/
- Biorefining Value from Industrial Waste (BIOREVIEW) streams of the Indian sugar industry. Innovate UK Newton fund, (2018-2021), - http://www.bioreviewproject.org/index.html
- Value added sugars from organic waste material (Vamos) Horizon 20:20 BBI JU (2020-2023) - https://www.bbi-europe.eu/projects/vamos
- Production of Lactic acid from Municipal Solid Waste. Innovate UK TS/R010544/1 (2018-2021)
- Bio-loading impact study on downstream hydrolysis and fermentation of autoclaved fibre from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) (BBSRC BBNet BIV) (2020)
- Biologically Derived Polyesters and Polyamides - Production, Processing and Circular Life (BioPOL4Life). Ser Cymru capacity building acceleration award (WG) (2020-2023)
- Integrated approach to explore a novel paradigm for biofuel production from lignocellulosic feedstocks. BBSRC/FESPESP (2017-2021), -https://researchportal.bath.ac.uk/en/projects/an-integrated-approach-to-explore-a-novel-paradigm-for-biofuel-pr
- Valuable insects: Insects for sources of food and ingredients (ValuSect). European Interreg (2021-2023) -https://www.nweurope.eu/projects/project-search/valusect/
- Extraction &purification of Calystegines &Iminosugars (C&I) for use as natural preservatives, Innovate UK (2017-2020), Extraction and purification of Calystegines & Iminosugars for use as natural preservatives — Aberystwyth Research Portal
- Red clover as a cash crop: Protein for monogastric farm animals and metabolites for human health (RC-Promo). Deconstruction of red clover to produce protein etc. ERDF funding (2020-2023)
- Bilateral Regional Accord between Ireland aNd Wales for Agricultural Valorisation and Environmental Sustainability (BRAINWAVES) https://www.ucc.ie/en/brainwaves/ Building on existing research Brainwaves will develop innovative, economically viable technologies to grow common duckweed on farm waste and integrate these with local conditions for Irish and Welsh farmers. WG ERDF funded through the Ireland Wales Cooperation Programme.
- Future Foods, WG ERDF (2018-2023), - https://www.futurefoods.wales/
- SeaK: Seasonal and developmental composition analysis of Kappaphycus and Eucheuma to inform on quality and alternative algal uses, CIDRA, AU (2020-2021)
- Bioinnovation Wales WG ESF (2018-2022), - https://bioinnovationwales.org.uk/
- Food BioSystems Doctoral Training Partnership (DTP) (2021-2024) - https://research.reading.ac.uk/foodbiosystems/
- Extraction and processing of nucleotides and glutamates (NAGS) from a non-yeast substrate for salt reduction and taste enhancement, Innovate UK (2016-2019) - https://www.aber.ac.uk/en/news/archive/2020/02/title-229342-en.html
- Production of bio-based products from lignin (Oxypol), EU ERA-NET Industrial Biotechnology, (2014-2017) - http://www.oxypol.eu/
- Innovative bio-refinery integration: Chitin production from crab shell waste. TSB (2014-2015) - https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=131522
- MacroBioCrude: Developing an Integrated Supply and Processing Pipeline for the Sustained Production of Ensiled Macroalgae-derived Hydrocarbon Fuels. EPSRC (2013-2017)
- Adaptation and Mitigation through Bio-Succinate Innovation (ADMIT BioSuccInnovate), Climate-KIC (2013-2016), http://www.bio-succinnovate.com/about/default.html
- Gallagher J, Lee A, Fish S., Morris SM (2015) Prebiotic Composition– Novel prebiotics from grassland WO2015/075440 A1 European Patent granted.
- Bryant D, Gallagher J, Morris SM, Winters A, Donnison I, Harding G, Tims-Taravella E, Thomas D, Leemans D (2014) Bioethanol production from high sugar grasses WO2014/023978 Patent Granted
- Davies D, Merry R, Winters A, Bakewell (2000) An inoculant for the ensilage of plant material comprises at least one Lactobacillus strain having fructan degrading properties. GB2356125A
- Biorefining problem macroalgae to produce selected high value products (2018-2021)
- Genetic manipulation of Lactobacillus to produce pure D or L forms of lactic acid. (2016-2019)
- How does harvesting of problem macroalgae within Milford Haven affect the ecology of receiving habitats? (2018-2021)
- Isolation, screening and development of multiproduct stream process to valorise production of bioactive molecules from targeted plant species / Natural Products for Wellbeing (2016-2021)
- Understanding and Regulating the Genetic Transition of the Yeast to the Filamentous Fungal Phenotype; developing new tools for Industrial Biotechnology and Biorefining (2016-2020)
- Valorisation of Industrial Hemp waste material through the recovery of secondary compounds with therapeutic properties (2018-2022)