|Delivery Type||Delivery length / details|
|Seminars / Tutorials||4 Hours. Group presentations and discussions|
|Assessment Type||Assessment length / details||Proportion|
|Semester Assessment||3,500 word essay||50%|
|Semester Exam||2 Hours examination||50%|
|Supplementary Assessment||Re-submission of failed coursework essay||50%|
|Supplementary Exam||Supplementary examination||50%|
On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
* appreciate and evaluate the problems and potential methods of solution for the impending global and regional water shortages.
* understand and have the basis for further research into the nature and role of hydrological processes operating within the terrestrial realm.
* use the full range of modern electronic sources of information to research the activities of the major international organizations concerned with global water resources.
The module concludes with a section on managing resources, covering the design of major water management systems, success and failure of large dams, dealing with floods and droughts, environmental protection and rehabilitation, international hydropolitics, environmental terrorism, the threat of corporate enterprise to equitable provisions and the predicted impact on global warming. It concludes with an assessment of the relative merits of new sources of water compared with methods of water saving.
Teaching includes computer-based practicals and a fieldtrip for each of the main sections, group researches an presentations on key issues.
- The basic issues - the 'water crisis', environmental impacts, the role of process studies and scientifc theory in optimising exploitation and protection
- The demand curve - sources of increasing pressure on resources: domestic and municipal, industrial, agricultural and wastewater
- Global resources - the hydrological cycle, storage, distribution and limits
- Assessing resources and monitoring processes - from surface stations to satellites and weather radar
- Evaporation, evapotranspiration and interception losses
- Effects of changing vegetation cover on water quantity
- Overland flow
- Urban effects on hydrological processes
- Water pathways in soil and rocks - infiltration, soil moisture, throughflow, pipeflow and groundwater
- Snowcover, snowmelt processes and predicting snowmelt runoff
- Streamflow modelling - black box to synthetic and physically based simulation
Fieldtrip: CEH Institute of Hydrology experimental catchments, Plynlimon
3) Managing resources:
- Design of major water management systems - operational hydrology, integrated water resource management, strategic transfers and large dams: successes and failures
- Environmental protection and rehabilitation - pollution and water quality management: failures and successful programmes
- Hydropolitics, 'water wars' and environmental terrorism (group presentations)
- Privatisation, commercialisation and globalisation - the 'corporate threat'
- The threat of global warming - changing processes and resources, methods of estimation and management
- New sources versus conserving resources - desalination, using snow and ice resources, rainmaking vs metering, fixing leaks, controlling evaporation losses and constructing interbasin transfers (group presentations)
Fieldtrip: Water resources development and environmental impact in mid-Wales-Rheidol, Clywedog and Elan (1 day)
|Skills Type||Skills details|
|Communication||Seminar group presentations and discussions.|
|Improving own Learning and Performance||Project write-up as extended essay (same as above)|
|Information Technology||Use of internet access data archives and assess work of international water-related organisations. (CAL sessions.) Assessed through the extended essays based on this.|
|Personal Development and Career planning||Developing career oriented interests and skills.|
|Problem solving||Identifying factors that might influence potential solutions. Evaluating advantages and disadvantages of solutions.|
|Research skills||Group presentations and individual extended essays.|
|Subject Specific Skills||Familiarisation with specific instrumentation and research design, extreme event analysis and data archives|
|Team work||Group presentations and discussions|
Reading ListRecommended Text
Grayson, R. and G. Bloschl (eds.) (2001) Spatial Patterns in Catchment Hydrology: Observations and Modelling Cambridge University Presss Primo search Jones, J.A.A. (1997) Global Hydrology: processes, resources and environmental management 4th Longman Primo search Parker, D.J. (ed.) (2000) Floods, volume I & II Routledge Primo search Ward, R.C. amd M. Robinson (2000) Principles of Hydrology 4th McGraw-Hill Primo search Jones, J.A.A. (1999) Climate change and sustainable water resources: placing the threat of global warming in perspective, Hydrological Sciences Journal. Primo search Jones, J.A.A. and I.J. van der Walt (eds) (2004) Barriers and solutions to sustainable water resources in Africa, Geojournal Kluwer Primo search Jones, J.A.A. and M-K Woo (eds) (2002) Modelling the impact of climate change on hydrological regimes, Hydrological Processes Primo search Piling, C. and Jones, J.A.A. (2002) The impact of future climate change on seasonal discharge, hydrological processes and extreme flows in the Upper Wye experimental catchment, mid Wales, Hydrological Processes. Primo search Xia, J. and K Takeuchi (eds) (1999) Barriers to Sustainable Management of Water Quality and Quantity, Hydrological Sciences Journal. Primo search
This module is at CQFW Level 6