|Assessment Type||Assessment length / details||Proportion|
|Semester Exam||3 Hours Examination||80%|
|Semester Exam||2 Hours In-class test||20%|
|Supplementary Exam||3 Hours Examination Repeat failed element or equivalent||80%|
|Supplementary Exam||2 Hours Test Repeat failed element or equivalent||20%|
On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
* Describe why taxes are necessary in a civilized society, define taxation, outline the main features of the UK tax system and identify direct/indirect taxes, capital/current taxes and progressive/proportional and regressive taxes.
* Describe and apply the basic rules of UK taxation, in particular those relating to Income Tax, Capital Gains Tax, Corporation Tax, Inheritance Tax and Value Added Tax.
* Evaluate current bases of taxation in terms of their efficiency, equity and cost of compliance.
* Identify and critically discuss the key issues in taxation at the inter-state level.
* Critically discuss the possible influences of taxation on the functioning of capital markets.
* Explain, discuss, evaluate and calculate the presentation in and impact upon accounts of deferred tax with a comparison of latest versus previous treatment where pertinent.
The module is designed to provide students with an understanding of the principles underlying the design of an effective taxation system, an introduction to the UK Tax system, deferred taxation and an appreciation of the current policy issues in taxation, including public and private sector financing, which are essential subject matter within any high-quality undergraduate degree in accounting and/or finance; and which are expected by:
- Honours Degree Subject Benchmark Statement: Accounting (2007), Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education
- Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales
- Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
- Chartered Institute of Management Accountants
- Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland
The module focuses on six main aspects: the economic characteristics and assessment of effective tax system design; a broad description of the UK tax system; international considerations including tax co-ordination, competition and the taxation of e-commerce; conceptual issues in tax planning and the impact of taxation on capital markets; deferred taxation and public and private sector financing.
The module is available to all students from all disciplines. There are no prerequisites and a financial background is not needed.
1. Introduction to taxation; including consideration of the objectives, the operation, scope and evaluation of taxation systems and sources of UK tax law and the classification of taxes.
2. The UK Tax System:
(a) Income Tax; students need to explain and compute the income tax liabilities of individuals, including the effect of National Insurance contributions and benefits in kind,
(b) Corporation Tax; students need to explain and compute the corporation tax liabilities of companies and groups of companies, including options for dealing with trading losses,
(c) Capital Gains Tax; students need to explain and compute chargeable gains arising on companies and individuals
(d) Inheritance Tax; students need to explain and compute Inheritance tax liabilities of individuals, including quick succession relief,
(e) Value Added Tax; students need to explain and compute the effects of VAT.
3. Principles of Taxation: Incidence, efficiency, equity, flexibility, certainty, convenience, compliance and administrative costs (obligation of taxpayers, implication of non-compliance and ethical issues)
4. International Taxation: taxation of cross border transactions and interaction between jurisdictions. Topics covered include (but not limited to):
(a) Factors affecting liability- Domicile, residence, ordinary residence
(b) Residence principle, Source principle,
(c) Companies residency
(d) Double tax relief
(e)Common avoidance practices- Tax havens, Transfer pricing, Controlled Foreign Corporations.
5. Current issues in tax policy: E-commerce, tax competition- EU actions and OECD and tax harmonization.
6. Principles of tax planning (tax evasion, tax avoidance) and capital market effects of taxation (implicit/explicit taxes).
7. Deferred Taxation. Topics covered include (but not limited to):
(a) Why the need for deferred taxation
(b) Difference between accounting profit and taxable profit
(d)Students need to compare and apply the various methods
8. Private/Public sector Financing. Topics covered include (but not limited to):
(a) pricing, costing and budgeting in the private sector
(b) public sector funding requirements and mechanisms
(c) private finance initiative, partnerships and outsourcing
(d)use/impact of funding mechanisms in public sector change and reform.
Revision of content
|Skills Type||Skills details|
|Application of Number||* Apply numerical data to problem solving with care and accuracy * Evaluation of numerical problems in lecture and tutorial examples and appropriate examination questions.|
|Communication||* Develop confidence in and clarity of oral communication via example class/tutorial participation * Develop clarity and focus of written communication via development of answers to self study questions * Develop and use appropriate subject-specific vocabulary in oral and written communication|
|Improving own Learning and Performance||* Identify and distil the key issues covered by lectures, tutorials and self study * Identify and use a range of learning resources * Investigate benefits of small group working on self study * Structure study to accommodate intensive learning|
|Information Technology||* Use a variety of electronic web- and library-based resources to review available information and retrieve pertinent information|
|Personal Development and Career planning||* Preparation for seminar tasks will encourage initiative, independence and self-awareness.|
|Problem solving||* Whilst being introduced to the UK Tax system, students need to explain and compute the income tax liabilities of individuals, the corporation tax liabilities of companies, the chargeable gains arising on companies and individuals, the Inheritance tax liabilities of individuals and Value Added Tax. Students also need to compare and apply the various methods for deferred taxation. * Scenario-based problems will be introduced in lectures, set as self study questions, applied in seminars and the examination.|
|Research skills||* Identify which information sources are available to facilitate module study (understanding, wider reading) for use in seminars and examination. * Properly reference/attribute information sources|
|Subject Specific Skills||* Develop competence in understanding and appropriately applying UK tax law. * Develop competence in understanding the current policy issues in taxation. Studying taxation engenders a focus on a dynamic subject area, which affects every member of society, thus is useful in both a personal and professional setting. The topic also focuses on ethics, which is relevant to most professional settings.|
|Team work||* Develop experience of team work and develop team working skills via small group working on self study * Group work during seminars|
This module is at CQFW Level 6