Centre for Local and Regional Enterprise (CLaRE)

local countryside

In a rapidly changing global economy there is a crucial need for effective policy making at the local and regional levels. While regional economic development is constrained and influenced by the macroeconomic environment and by national and international policies and occurrences, as well as private sector calculations, there is considerable scope for well designed local and regional strategies in all their variant forms.

Strategies cover job creation, increased productivity, entrepreneurship development, diversification, regeneration, knowledge transfer, research and development, sustainability and the creation of an appropriate economic, social and regulatory environment that encourages enterprise and new business development.

Research Interests

sheepThe Centre was established within the Aberystwyth Business School (ABS) in 2006, with its multi-disciplinary work building on a tradition of studying the economy of Wales and rural areas in particular. Since its inception the Centre has undertaken several high profile EU-funded research projects involving international collaboration with a wide range of academic partners. These comprise a major report on the employment effects of CAP agricultural reform, the development of a programme to encourage and support female entrepreneurship, and a study of sustainable learning networks in Ireland and Wales.

Within Wales the Centre’s researchers have been involved in funded studies of strategic planning in Mid Wales, sustainable development in Pembrokeshire, the effects of climate change on tourism demand, and an investigation of the effects of the Severn Bridge tolls on small businesses, while other studies and publications include work on the Welsh water utility sector, stakeholder relationships in a heritage railway company, self-employment patterns, and rural development policy. The RAE 2008 identified “world leading outputs” from the Centre, and emphasised the SMB’s "support for the regional economy".

To find out more about current research topics visit the weekly Seminar Series for further details.

Research Projects

Current projects

Flow, Change and Wellbeing Project Research Team: Dr Sophie Bennett-Gillison (Aberystwyth), Dr Paul Joiner (Independent Researcher), Diana Reynolds (Welsh Government, Aberystwyth).

The Impact of Research in EU Agriculture Research team: Peter Midmore, Andrew HenleyMaria Plotnikova and a consortium of European Research Insitutes (see http://www.impresa-project.eu/home.html).

Farm Tourism in Wales Research team: Mandy Talbot (Aberystwyth).

A Dynamic Analysis of Poverty and Vulnerability in Wales: Moving Beyond the "Conventional Approach Research team: Shafiul Azam, Abdi Ali, Maria Plotnikova, Peter Midmore, Andy Henley.


Past projects

What Drives Creative People? Do artists follow creative careers for self-fulfilment or to make a living? Research team: Sophie Bennett (Aberystwyth)

Edible Wales: Sustenance and locality Research team: Sophie Bennett, Rob Bowen, Richard Marggraf Turley and Tim Williams (all Aberystwyth), with business partners Artis Studios and AO Studios

Regional House Price Variation by Property Type Research team: Maria Plotnikova and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth), Bruce Morley (Bath).

Entrepreneurial Intentions, Motives and Transitions into Self-employment Research team: Andrew Henley (Aberystwyth), Chris Dawson (West of England), Paul Latreille (Sheffield).

Over-optimism Bias and Entrepreneurial Choice and Business Performance Research team: Andrew Henley (Aberystwyth), Chris Dawson (West of England), David de Meza (LSE) Reza Arabsheibani (Swansea).

Leadership and Small Business Performance: Regional Variation in New Firm Formation Research team: Andrew Henley (Aberystwyth), Karen Jones and Sally Sambrook (Bangor) and Luke Pittaway (Georgia Southern).

Investigating the Role of Eisteddfodau in Creating and Transmitting Cultural Value in Wales and Beyond Research team: Brian Garrod and David Dowell (Aberystwyth) (see http://www.aber.ac.uk/en/smb/research/cultural-values/).

Examining and Testing Regional Policy Issues in North West Wales Research team: Rhydian Fôn James, Peter Midmore and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth).

Agriculture’s inter-industry linkages and rural policy reforms – Wales-Sweden Research team: Peter Midmore (Aberystwyth), Gunnar Lindberg and Yves Surry (Uppsala).

Regional Variation in New Firm Formation Research team: Andrew Henley and Maria Plotnikova (Aberystwyth).

Informal Credit Institutions in post-Communist Uzbekistan Research team: Peter Midmore (Aberystwyth) and Kobil Ruziev (West of England).

Development of a Lambing Efficiency Calculator Research team: Wyn Morris and Nishikant Mishra (Aberystwyth).

Development of an On-line Lamb Feed Calculator as a Management Tool for Farmers Research team: Wyn Morris and Nishikant Mishra (Aberystwyth).

Female Entrepreneurship – Wales-Ireland
Research team: Nerys Fuller-Love (Principal Applicant), Peter Midmore, Anna Prytherch and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth), Bill O’Gorman (Waterford Institute of Technology).

The Impact of CAP Reform on Employment Levels in Rural Areas
Research team: Nerys Fuller-Love, Lesley Langstaffe, Peter Midmore, Mark Rhodes and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth), and collaboration with academics in seven other European countries.

Scenario Analysis and Regional Economic Development – Mid Wales
Research team: Nerys Fuller-Love, Andrew Henley, Peter Midmore and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth).

Regional Self-reliance and Economic Development – Pembrokeshire, Wales
Research team: Peter Midmore and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth).

Impact of Climate Change on the Welsh Visitor Economy
Research team: Brian Garrod (Aberystwyth), David Frost (ADAS), Gina Cavan and Sarah Lindley (Manchester), Maureen Agnew and Clare Goodess (East Anglia).

Economic Impact of the Severn Crossing Tolls
Research team: Peter Midmore, Nick Perdikis, Anne-Marie Sherwood and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth).

Organizational Change in Heritage Railway Companies
Research team: Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth), Kelum Jayasinghe (Essex), Teeven Soobaroyen (Southampton).

Sustainable Learning Networks for Entrepreneurs – Wales-Ireland
Research team: Nerys Fuller-Love, Chris Dawson, Anne Howells, Sajjad Jasimuddin, Lesley Langstaffe, Peter Midmore and Dennis Thomas (Aberystwyth), Bill O’Gorman (Waterford). 

Centre Members


Recent publications:


  • Cater, C., Poguntke, K. & Morris, W., (2019),  Y Wladfa Gymreig: outbound diasporic tourism and contribution to identify. In: Tourism Geographies. 


  • Barjolle, D., Midmore, P. & Schmid, O., (2018) Tracing the Pathways from Research to Innovation: Evidence from Case Studies. In: EuroChoices.17, 1, p. 11-18. 
  • Bennett, S., Rahman, R. & Fuller-Love, N., (2018). The Rural Artistic Entrepreneur: Exploring Motivational Tension and Creative Production in Rural Economies. In : Revue de l'Entrepreneuriat.1, 17, p. 29-38. 
  • Gkartzios, M. & Remoundou, K., (2018) Language struggles: Representations of the countryside and the city in an era of mobilities. In: Geoforum.93, p. 1-10. 
  • Khorana, S & Perdikis, N (2018). Modelling the Economic Impact of Brexit on the Welsh Economy. Welsh Assembly, Aberystwyth University, pp 1-41 
  • Midmore, P., (2018) Realising the Potential of European Agricultural Science Impacts. In: EuroChoices.17, 1, p. 31. 
  • Morley, B & Thomas, D, (2018) Covariance Risk and the Ripple Effect in the UK Regional Housing Market.  In: Review of Economics and Finance. 12, 3, p. 1-13. 
  • Morris,W. & Bowen, R., (2018). Digital Divide: Broadband access implications on agribusiness in rural Wales. 
  • Williams, K., Williams, J. & Thomas, D., (2018) Why are the British Bad at Manufacturing? Routledge Journals, 1 ed.,Taylor & Francis Ltd. p. 288. (Routledge Library Editions: Industrial Economics). 
  • Woods, M., Bowen, R., Dwyer, J., Jones, R. D., Liddon, A., Marsden, T., Midmore, P., Shortall, S., Williams, P. & Wynne-Jones, S., (2018) After Brexit: 10 Key Questions for Rural Policy in Wales. Centre for Rural Economy Newcastle University. p. 17. 


  • Bennett, S. & Bowen, R., (2017) Brexit: Implications for the Food and Craft Industries
  • Gkartzios, M., Remoundou, K. & Garrod, G., (2017) Emerging geographies of mobility: The role of regional towns in Greece's 'counterurbanisation story'.  , In : Journal of Rural Studies.55, p. 22-32. 
  • Midmore, P., (2017) The science of impact and the impact of agricultural science. In : Journal of Agricultural Economics.68, 3, p. 611-631. 
  • Midmore, P., (2017) Agricultural science research impact in the Eastern European Union Member States. In: Studies in Agricultural Economics.119, 1, p. 1-10. 
  • Morris, W., Henley, A. & Dowell, D., (2017) , Farm diversification, entrepreneurship and technology adoption: Analysis of upland farmers in Wales.  In : Journal of Rural Studies.53, p. 132-143. 
  • Morris, D. & James, W., (2017) Social Media, an Entrepreneurial Opportunity for Agricultural Based Enterprises.  In : Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development.24, 4, p. 1028-1045. 
  • Munoz, J. R., Griffin, T., & Humbracht, M. (2017). Towards a new definition for “visiting friends and relatives”. International Journal of Tourism Research. 19(5), 477-485. 

  • Munoz, J. R. (2017). The role of students as hosts of VFR travellers: How does the host affect the visitor's experience of a destination. Working paper in CAUTHE 2017: Time For Big Ideas? Re-thinking the Field For Tomorrow. 771-773. 

  • Munoz, J. R. (2017). Is VFR the forgotten link of the collaborative economy? A comparative analysis of VFR, Airbnb and Couchsurfing experiences. IFITTtalk Surrey Think Tank: Collaborative Economy. 

  • Munoz, J. R., Griffin, T., & Humbracht, M. (2017). Towards a new definition for “visiting friends and relatives”. Bournemouth University International Conference: The Visitor Economy, Strategies and Innovations. 

  • Ntim, C. G., Lindop, S. J., Thomas, D. A., Abdou, H. & Opong, K. K., (2017) Executive Pay and Performance: The Moderating Effect of CEO Power and Governance Structure. In : International Journal of Human Resource Management. p. 1-43. 
  • Nunes, S., Lopes, R. & Fuller-Love, N., (2017) Networking, Innovation and Firms' Performance: Portugal as Illustration.  In : Journal of the Knowledge Economy. 


  • Bowen, R. & Bennett, S., (2016) Selling places: Using place-based marketing to promote regional produce: The case of Rhondda Cynon Taff
  • Fuller-Love, N., Hasnain, S. S. & Jasimuddin, S. M., (2016) Exploring Cause, Taxonomies, Mechanisms and Barriers Influencing Knowledge Transfer: Empirical Studies in NGOs.  In : Information Resources Management Journal.29, 1, p. 39-56 18 p., 3. 
  • Holland, K., Lindop, S. & Zainudin, F., (2016) Tax Avoidance: a threat to corporate legitimacy? an examination of companies' financial and CSR reports. In: British Tax Review vol 2016, no. 3 
  • Morley, B & Thomas, D, (2016) An Empirical Analysis of UK House Price Risk Variation by Property Type  In: Review of Economics and Finance. 6, 2, p. 45-56 p. 
  • Munoz, J. R. (2016). The role of students as hosts of VFR travellers: How do hosts influence their visitor's experience. University of Surrey Hospitality and Tourism Management Conference 2016, 'Making an Impact: Creating Constructive Conversations'. 
  • Plotnikova, M., Romero, I. & Martínez-Román, J. A., (2016) Process innovation in small businesses: the self-employed as entrepreneurs. In : Small Business Economics.p. 1-16. 
  • Plotnikova, M., Romero, I. & Martínez-Román, J. A., (2016) Process innovation in small businesses: the self-employed as entrepreneurs. In : Small Business Economics.p. 1-16. 
  • Plotnikova, M., Sarangi, S. & Swaminathan, S., (2016) On the Relationship between Spillovers and Bundling. In : Manchester School.84, 2, p. 181-196. 
  • Plotnikova, M., Tumanov, A. & Zhelezova, E., (2016) Evolution of the Housing Finance System in Russia.  Milestones in European Housing Finance. Lunde, J. & Whitehead, C. (eds.). Wiley, p. 325-339 (Real Estate Issues). 
  • Remoundou, K., Gkartzios, M. & Garrod, G., (2016) Conceptualizing Mobility in Times of Crisis: Towards Crisis-Led Counterurbanization? In : Regional Studies.50, 10, p. 1663-1674. 
  • Talbot, A., (2016) Farm Tourism: A new peasantry perspective p. 45. 


  • Breitsohl, J., Wilcox, J. P. & Harris, I. (2015) Groupthink 2.0: An empirical analysis of customers' conformity-seeking in online communities.  In : Journal of Customer Behaviour.14, 2, p. 87-106. 
  • Fuller-Love, N., (2015) Female Entrepreneurship in East Asia. Handbook of East Asian Entrepreneurship. Fu-Lai Yu, T. & Yan, H-D. (eds.). Taylor & Francis, p. 191-201. 
  • Ntim, C. G., Lindop, S., Osei, K. A. & Thomas, D. A., (2015) Executive Compensation, Corporate Governance and Corporate Performance: A Simultaneous Equation Approach  In: Managerial and Decision Economics.36, 2, p. 67-96. 
  • Thomas, D, (2015) Tinopolis to Tinopolis: A Century of Industrial Change . In Amrywiaeth Llanelli Miscellany, 28, p. 53-65. 


  • Bennett, S.S., McGuire, S. & Rahman, R. J., (2014) Living Hand to Mouth: Why the Bohemian Lifestyle Does Not Lead to Wealth Creation in Peripheral Regions. In : European Planning Studies.23, 12, p. 2390-2403. 
  • Fuller-Love, N., Power, J., Sinnott, E. & O'Gorman, B., (2014) Developing self-facilitating learning networks for entrepreneurs: a guide to action.  In : International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business.21, 3, p. 334-352 p. 
  • Lindop, S., Holland, K. & Zainudin, F., (2014). What do companies tell us about their corporate income taxation affairs? 
  • Plotnikova, M., (2014) The Effect of Prior Educational Achievement on Academic outcomes in Economics at a UK University
  • Talbot, A. & Cater, C. I.( 2014) Student-led Planning of Tourism and Hospitality Education: The Use of Wikis to Enhance Student Learning.  The Routledge Handbook of Tourism and Hospitality Education. Airey, D., Dredge, D. & Gross, M. J. (eds.). Taylor & Francis.