Gwybodaeth Modiwlau

Module Identifier
Module Title
Academic Year
Semester 1
Other Staff

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 2 x 1hr sessions per week (part of 30hrs total allocation)
Lecture 1 x 2hr session per week (part of 30hrs total allocation)
Seminars / Tutorials 6 hrs (3 x 2hr seminars)


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 1000 word essay to be submitted in appropriate semester  33%
Semester Exam 1.5 Hours   exam at end of appropriate semester  67%
Supplementary Assessment 1000 word essay - if essay element failed  33%
Supplementary Exam 1.5 Hours   Exam - if exam element failed  67%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:
1. Demonstrate a sound understanding of the major theories, perspectives, and concepts in the study of critical criminology.

2. Identify how critical criminology differs from traditional and mainstream approaches to the study of crime and criminality.

3. Describe how critical theories view crime and deviance as socially and legally constructed concepts.

4. Explain how critical criminology accounts for the emergence and development of crime control policies.

5. Identify the key dynamics, processes and problems facing contemporary critical perspectives in criminology.

6. Display an awareness of how official and unofficial structures and processes of law enforcement and punishment are influenced by political, philosophical and ideological factors.

7. Analyse and evaluate the extent to which critical theories challenge or support contemporary policies designed to reduce crime and manage the `crime problem?

8. Appreciate the contribution feminist perspectives have made to critical criminology.


This module builds on the core elements of the first year and provides students with an understanding of how the subject matter of criminology extends beyond crime and criminal justice and includes wider issues of social justice.

Brief description

Critical Criminology focuses on the uses and abuses of power in society and engages with politics through its concern with issues of social justice and equality. In explaining crime and criminality, critical perspectives draw attention to the economic, social and cultural contexts in which crime occurs. The module will draw on critical theories in examining crime, social control and punishment, with particular reference to age, gender, ethnicity, race, disability and issues of social exclusion and social inclusion. Ethical questions surrounding the role of the criminologist as advocate, peacemaker and witness will also be explored.


Core characteristics of critical criminology
Early Marxist theory of crime
Conflict theories: class, state and crime
The New Criminology
Peacemaking criminology
Feminist theories
Contemporary radical criminology
Cultural criminology
Questions of justice
Risk and social change
Case studies (e.g. mentally disordered offenders)

Module Skills

Skills Type Skills details
Application of Number Understanding and evaluating relevant quantitative research data will be a part of the module, at least in relation to certain theories.
Communication Oral communication skills will be encouraged and honed in seminars and also in lectures - not assessed. Written communication skills will be practised through note taking both in lectures and private study and in formal submission of written work in assignments and examinations.
Improving own Learning and Performance Students will be expected to read selected texts and from these materials build on their lectures and test their own learning, especially in seminars. This will enable them to take more control over their learning and to locate problem areas which they will be supported in overcoming.
Information Technology Preparation for seminars, the assignments and the examination will all require use of the library databases and other electronic databases. Students will be referred to useful urls and be encouraged to retrieve data electronically - not assessed. Students will be encouraged to prepare their assignment electronically - not assessed.
Personal Development and Career planning Enhanced capacity for independent and critical thought. Good time-management skills in preparing for seminars and submitting work on time - not assessed.
Problem solving Students will be studying legal, theoretical and sociological sources to ascertain how these interplay to solve some difficult issues of law and crime control.
Research skills Students will be expected to locate material both on line and in the library and to use these materials for assignments and seminar preparations. They will be encouraged to develop individual research skills in order to perform these tasks effectively.
Subject Specific Skills
Team work As well as individual work, the seminars will involve team work tasks allowing students to support each other in interactive learning.

Reading List

Essential Reading
(2002.) Critical criminology : issues, debates, challenges /edited by Kerry Carrington and Russell Hogg. Feminist Criminology - Essential Reading Willan Pub. Primo search (2006.) Gender and justice :new concepts and approaches /edited by Frances Heidensohn. Feminist Criminology - Key Text Willan Primo search (2006.) In defense of animals :the second wave /edited by Peter Singer. Animal Abuse - Essential Reading Blackwell Pub. Primo search (2007.) Issues in green criminology :confronting harms against environments, humanity and other animals /edited by Piers Beirne and Nigel South. Animal Abuse - Essential Reading Willan Pub. Primo search (2008.) The critical criminology companion /editors, Thalia Anthony ; Chris Cunneen. Feminist Criminology - Essential Reading Hawkins Press Primo search Beirne, Piers. (c2009.) Confronting animal abuse :law, criminology, and human-animal relationships /Piers Beirne. Animal Abuse - Key Text Rowman & Littlefield Primo search Naffine, Ngaire (Dec. 1996) Feminism and Criminology Feminist Criminology - Key Text Polity Press Primo search Walklate, Sandra. (2004.) Gender, crime, and criminal justice /Sandra Walklate. Feminist Criminology - Key Text 2nd ed. Willan Publishing Primo search
Recommended Text
(c2006.) Advancing critical criminology :theory and application /edited by Walter S. DeKeseredy and Barbara Perry. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Lexington Books Primo search (c2007.) Animal abuse and family violence :linkages, research, and implications for professional practice /Marti T. Loring, Robert Geffner, Janessa Marsh, guest editors. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Haworth Maltreatment & Trauma Press Primo search (c1999.) Child abuse, domestic violence, and animal abuse :linking the circles of compassion for prevention and intervention /edited by Frank R. Ascione and Phil Arkow. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Purdue University Press Primo search (1992.) Femicide :the politics of woman killing /edited by Jill Radford and Diana E. H. Russell. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Open University Press Primo search (1990.) Feminist perspectives in criminology /edited by Loraine Gelsthorpe and Allison Morris. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Open University Press Primo search (1995.) Gender and crime /edited by R. Emerson Dobash, Russell P. Dobash and Lesley Noaks. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading University of Wales Press Primo search (1987 (various p) Gender, crime and justice /edited by Pat Carlen and Anne Worrall. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Open University Press Primo search (1995.) International feminist perspectives in criminology :engendering a discipline /edited by Nicole Hahn Rafter and Frances Heidensohn. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Open University Press Primo search (c2006.) Rethinking gender, crime, and justice :feminist readings /[edited by] Claire M. Renzetti, Lynne Goodstein, Susan L. Miller. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Roxbury Pub. Company (2002.) Women and punishment :the struggle for justice /edited by Pat Carlen ; with a foreword by Sir David Ramsbotham. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Willan Pub. Primo search (2005.) Women, madness and the law :a feminist reader /edited by Wendy Chan, Dorothy E. Chunn and Robert Menzies. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading GlassHouse ; Primo search (1987.) Women, violence and social control :essays in social theory /edited by Jalna Hanmer and Mary Maynard. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Macmillan Primo search (c2009.) Women, violence, and the media :readings in feminist criminology /edited by Drew Humphries. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Northeastern University Press ; Allen, Hilary (1987.) Justice unbalanced :gender, psychiatry, and judicial decisions /Hilary Allen. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Open University Press Primo search Ascione, Frank A. (July 2008) The International Handbook of Animal Abuse and Cruelty:Theory, Research, and Application Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Purdue University Press Primo search Carlen, Pat. (1998.) Sledgehammer :women's imprisonment at the millennium /Pat Carlen. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Macmillan Primo search Chesney-Lind, Meda. (c2004.) The female offender :girls, women, and crime /Meda Chesney-Lind, Lisa Pasko. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading 2nd ed. Sage Publications Primo search Hart, Lynda (1994.) Fatal women :lesbian sexuality and the mark of aggression /Lynda Hart. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Routledge Primo search Heidensohn, Frances. (1985.) Women and crime /Frances Heidensohn. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Macmillan Education Primo search Jewkes, Yvonne (c2004 (various) Media and crime /Yvonne Jewkes. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading SAGE Primo search Linzey, Andrew (Dec. 2009) The Link Between Animal Abuse and Human Violence Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Sussex Academic Press Primo search Linzey, Andrew. (2009.) Why animal suffering matters :philosophy, theology, and practical ethics /Andrew Linzey. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Oxford University Press Primo search Lombroso, Cesare (April 2004) Criminal Woman, the Prostitute, and the Normal Woman Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Duke University Press Primo search Merz-Perez, Linda (2004.) Animal cruelty :pathway to violence against people /Linda Merz-Perez and Kathleen M. Heide. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading AltaMira Primo search Midgley, Mary. (2007.) Animals and why they matterMary Midgley. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading 6. print. Univ. of Georgia Press Primo search Mitchell, Angela (c2002.) Animal FAQs :an encyclopedia of animal abuse /Angela Mitchell. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Matador Primo search Morash, Merry (c2006.) Understanding gender, crime, and justice /Merry Morash. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Sage Publications Morris, Allison. (1987.) Women, crime and criminal justice /Allison Morris. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Basil Blackwell Primo search Regan, Tom. (2004.) The case for animal rights /Tom Regan. Aniaml Abuse - Recommended Reading Updated ed. University of California Press Primo search Renzetti, Claire M. (Sept. 2009) Feminist Criminology Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Routledge Primo search Scruton, Roger. (2000.) Animal rights and wrongs /Roger Scruton. Animal Abuse - Recommeded Reading 3rd ed. Metro Books Primo search Silvestri, Marisa. (2008.) Gender & crime /Marisa Silvestri and Chris Crowther-Dowey. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading SAGE Primo search Smart, Carol (1989.) Feminism and the power of law /by Carol Smart. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Routledge Primo search Smart, Carol (1976.) Women, crime and criminology :a feminist critique /Carol Smart. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Routledge and Kegan Paul Primo search Smart, Carol. (1995.) Law, crime and sexuality :essays in feminism /Carol Smart. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Sage Publications Primo search Taylor, Angus (c2003.) Animals and ethics :an overview of the philosophical debate /Angus Taylor. Animal Abuse - Recommeded Reading [Rev. ed.] Broadview Primo search Ussher, Jane M. (1991.) Women's madness :misogyny or mental illness? /Jane M. Ussher. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Harvester Wheatsheaf Primo search Walklate, Sandra. (1995.) Gender and crime :an introduction /Sandra Walklate. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Prentice Hall/Harvester Wheatsheaf Primo search Wolfson, David J. (c1999.) Beyond the law :agribusiness and the systemic abuse of animals raised for food or food production /by David J. Wolfson. Animal Abuse - Recommended Reading Farm Sanctuary Primo search Worrall, Anne (1990 (various p) Offending women :female lawbreakers and the criminal justice systems /Anne Worrall. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading Routledge Primo search Wykes, Maggie (2009.) Violence, gender and justice /Maggie Wykes and Kirsty Welsh. Feminist Criminology - Recommended Reading SAGE Primo search


This module is at CQFW Level 6