Gwybodaeth Modiwlau

Module Identifier
Module Title
Three Queens and Their Subjects
Academic Year
Semester 2
Other Staff

Course Delivery

Delivery Type Delivery length / details
Lecture 20 x 1 Hour Lectures
Seminar 5 x 1 Hour Seminars


Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment 2,000 word essay  50%
Semester Exam 1.5 Hours   1.5 hour exam  50%
Supplementary Assessment 2,000 word essay  50%
Supplementary Exam 1.5 Hours   1.5 hour exam  50%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

Identify and explain the key historiographical debates concerning gender and monarchy in 16th-century Europe.

Demonstrate an understanding of 16th-century political systems and their cultural implications.

Evaluate the varied meanings of the term ‘patriarchy’.

Evaluate a range of primary sources related to the statecraft of female rulers and its cultural representation.

Brief description

Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots and Catherine de Medici, Queen regent of France, are among the first European women for whom we have detailed biographical evidence. Each exerted enormous political influence whilst alive, cast a spell over contemporary (roughly 1550-1600) and later culture, and has continued to fascinate those who take an interest in the past, as witnessed by the recent movie Elizabeth. This module starts from the striking fact of these women's evident importance, before opening out into a study of their relationship with their subjects. In particular, the module seeks to establish what these women shared with their more ordinary contemporaries, the women who were burnt at the stake as witches for example, or the prostitutes who worked on the Elizabethan South Bank, and who were amongst the first audience for Shakespeare's plays. How did women rule in a world in which men were thought to be the 'natural' rulers? And how did the fact of their rule affect ordinary life for men and women in the street and village lane?

The second half of the sixteenth century is probably the very first period in European history for which we have sufficient evidence to be able to examine both Queens and their humblest subjects: the destitute poor, the conscripted soldiers, the alewives and the cunning women: think of the variety of people Shakespeare depicted in his plays. But remember, too, that all his female parts were acted by boys and young men (again, a plot device in the movie Elizabeth). Why this, if women ruled? What did it mean for a man to be laughed at by his fellows in the alehouse as a cuckold? And why did teenage apprentices attack brothels on Shrove Tuesday? Why did all contemporaries make such play with 'inversion', with turning the world upside down, with Carnival? Were late sixteenth-century politics really as sexualised as those of our own day? Did men really have such a hard time? And why do film-makers keep returning to this period and its personalities?


HY12720 Three Queens
Lecture 1 Introduction to the Course
Lecture 2: The Three Queens' world: some facts and illusions. The evidence of painted images
Lecture 3: Tudor Queenship in long-term perspective. Female 'weakness' and state-building down to the Reformation
Lecture 4: The Reformation, and 'Humanism'
Lecture 5: The microcosm and the macrocosm. Natalie Zemon Davis' microhistory of events in one French village in the 1540s
Lecture 6: Three queens, parallel lives
Lecture 7: Three queens on screen
Lecture 8: Monarchy, dynasty and reformation
Lecture 9: The Scottish monarchy
Lecture 10: The Sounds of the sixteenth century. Music, and sculpture
Lecture 11: Catherine de Medici
Lecture 12: Representing religious war in history books
Lecture 13: Mary Queen of Scots in context
Lecture 14: Our three queens' lives in parallel, the 1560s.
Lecture 15: Tudor poverty and Elizabeth’s long reign
Lecture 16: Catrin of Berain, not quite a queen
Lecture 17: Castiglione's Courtier
Lecture 18: Pulling everything together. The impact of women's history

1 Images and Meanings
2 Bess of Hardwick and Mary Queen of Scots
3 Elizabeth I at Tilbury
4 Catherine de Medici and the St Bartholomew Massacre
5 Grace O'Malley and other 'queens'


This module is at CQFW Level 4