Gwybodaeth Modiwlau

Module Identifier
Module Title
Grassland Systems
Academic Year
Distance Learning
Reading List
Other Staff

Course Delivery



Assessment Type Assessment length / details Proportion
Semester Assessment Production of 2 critiques of research papers  30%
Semester Assessment Interactive Task  (Minimum 1200 words)  25%
Semester Assessment Report  (Linking the nutrient requirements and pasture supply for grazing cattle and/or sheep)  45%
Supplementary Assessment Students must take elements of assessment equivalent to those that led to the failure of the module  100%

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:

1. Detail the range and distribution of grasslands and forages and the characteristics of the major herbage species.

2. Review and evaluate the development of new forage crops for use in pasture-based systems.

3. Review and evaluate the potential of grass biorefining.

4. Evaluate the influence of management and environment on pasture composition and critically appraise forage cropping programmes.

5. Evaluate grazing and forage conservation requirements and evaluate grassland and forage management plans and conservation systems in order to provide optimum yield and quality.

6. Critically appraise the potential for current research in grassland and forage crop production and utilisation to provide alternative methods of livestock feeding.

Brief description

This module looks at the range and distribution of temperate grassland and forage crops. Nutrient management and environmental protection are
themes throughout, as are strategies for grazing and forage preservation. The role of plant breeding and management is investigated. You will evaluate the management requirements of a range of grassland systems and the factors that underpin forage cropping programmes.


The module’s content is significantly influenced by current research at IBERS.

The aims of the module are:

To consider in detail the principles and practices underpinning the husbandry of grassland and forages with particular reference to livestock nutrition and wellbeing. The precise management requirements of a range of forage crops and the factors that underpin a range of forage cropping programmes will also be evaluated. Students will benefit significantly from the research being conducted in this area at IBERS and so have the opportunity to be involved in the advances at the forefront of grassland and forage science.

It will achieve this by considering the following areas

  • Range and distribution of grasslands and the characteristics of herbage species
  • Developments in new forage varieties
  • Managerial and environmental factors, including grassland nutritional requirements, that effect pasture composition and quality.
  • Range and use of forage crops and evaluation of forage cropping programmes.
  • Forage crop breeding
  • Grazing and forage conservation systems.
  • Novel grassland and non-arable crops research and its potential to affect future livestock feeding practice

Module Skills

Skills Type Skills details
Application of Number One of the assessed assignments will be based around a grazing and forage requirement assignment which will require the student to calculate nutrient requirements and pasture supply for grazing cattle and/or sheep.
Communication Students will be expected to be able to express themselves appropriately in their assignments.
Improving own Learning and Performance Detailed feedback will be given for assignment work.
Information Technology Students will be required to source information from a variety of scientific publication databases.
Personal Development and Career planning
Problem solving Online quizzes will be used to help develop and improve students problem solving skills.
Research skills Students will be required to undergo directed self study and work towards their assignment and so will develop their literature research skills.
Subject Specific Skills The relationship between animals and their feeding / foraging environment.
Team work


This module is at CQFW Level 7